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Table 2 Prevalence of STIs among HIV-infected women with and without STI symptoms or signs

From: Sexually transmitted infections among HIV-infected women in Thailand

Laboratory-diagnosed sexually transmitted infections Number (%, 95% CI) of women (N = 1,124) Number (%; 95% CI) with Number (%; 95% CI) without P-value
   chlamydia or gonorrhea symptoms/signs* chlamydia or gonorrhea symptoms/signs*  
   (n = 469) (41.7; 38.8-44.7) (n = 655) (58.3; 55.3-61.2)  
  Chlamydia 74 (6.6; 5.2-8.2) 43 (9.2; 6.7-12.1) 31 (4.7; 3.2-6.6) <0.01
  Gonorrhea 11 (1.0; 0.5-1.7) 2 (0.4; 0.0-1.5) 9 (1.4; 0.6-2.6) <0.01
  Syphilis 8 (0.7; 0.3-1.4) 3 (0.6; 0.1-1.9) 5 (0.8; 0.2-1.8) 0.83
  Trichomoniasis 17 (1.5; 0.9-2.4) 11 (2.3; 1.2-4.1) 6 (0.9; 0.3-2.0) 0.05
  Any laboratory-diagnosed STI 1 106 (9.4; 7.8-11.3) 58 (12.4; 9.5-15.7) 48 (7.3; 5.4-9.6 ) <0.01
Sexually transmitted infections Number (%; 95% CI) of women (N = 1,124) Number (%; 95% CI) with STI Number (%; 95% CI) without STI P-value
   symptoms/signs # symptoms/signs #  
   (n = 526) (47.0; 43.8-49.8) (n = 598) (53.0; 50.2-56.1)  
  Genital ulcer disease 28 (2.5; 1.7-3.6) 28 (5.3; 3.6-7.6) 0 (0.0; 0.0-0.6) <0.001
  Chlamydia 74 (6.6; 5.2-8.2) 47 (8.9; 6.6-11.7) 27 (4.5; 3.0-6.5) <0.01
  Gonorrhea 11 (1.0; 0.5-1.7) 3 (0.6; 0.1-1.7) 8 (1.3; 0.6-2.6) 0.19
  Syphilis 8 (0.7; 0.3-1.4) 3 (0.6; 0.1-1.7) 5 (0.8; 0.3-1.9) 0.60
  Trichomoniasis 17 (1.5; 0.9-2.4) 12 (2.3;1.2-3.9) 5 (0.8; 0.3-1.9) 0.05
  Any STI2 133 (11.8; 10.0-13.9) 90 (17.1; 14.0-24.6) 43 (7.2;5.2-9.6 ) <0.001
  1. 1 Gonorrhea by NAAT/Chlamydia by NAAT/Trichomoniasis by wet mount/laboratory confirmed syphilis.
  2. 2 Gonorrhea by NAAT/Chlamydia by NAAT/Trichomoniasis by wet mount /laboratory confirmed syphilis/genital ulcer or GUD.
  3. #STI symptoms or signs were defined as symptomatic vaginal discharge, urethral discharge, or lower abdominal pain or cervix examination (inflammation/pus/blood or other) or vaginal discharge on examination (white/yellow/green/other) or cervical motion tenderness during bimanual examination or genital wart, genital ulcer, genital lesions.
  4. *Chlamydia and gonorrhea symptoms or signs were defined as STI symptoms or signs except genital wart, genital ulcer, genital lesions.