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Table 6 Blood pressure distributions by sex and diabetes status

From: A population-based survey of prevalence of diabetes and correlates in an urban slum community in Nairobi, Kenya

Variable Diabetes % (n) Non diabetes % (n) Odds ratio P value Age-adjusted OR (95% CI) P value Age-sex adjusted OR (95% CI) P value Age-sex-smoking-alcohol use-METS adjusted OR (95% CI) P value
BP Classification  
Stage 2 Hypertension  
Female 61.5 (8) 49.4 (39) 1.6(0.5-5.5) 0.416 1.6 (0.5-5.5) 0.426     
Male 38.5 (5) 50.6 (40) Ref        
All 19.7 (13) 4.0 (79) 14.1 (5.5-36.5) 0.000 5.7 (2.1-15.4) 0.001 5.6 (2.1-15.3) 0.001 6.0 (2.1-17.5) 0.001
Stage 1 Hypertension  
Female 64.7 (11) 49.6 (61) 1.9 (0.7-5.4) 0.243 1.5 (0.5-4.6) 0.443     
Male 35.3 (6) 50.4 (62) Ref        
All 25.8 (17) 6.2 (123) 12.0 (4.9-29.6) 0.000 6.3 (2.5-16.1) 0.000 6.2 (2.4-15.8) 0.001 3.4 (1.1-10.0) 0.029
Pre- Hypertension  
Female 48.3 (14) 46.2 (540) 1.1 (0.5-2.3) 0.824 1.3 (0.6-2.7) 0.520     
Male 51.7 (15) 53.8 (629) Ref        
All 43.9 (29) 59.2 (1169) 2.1 (0.9-4.9) 0.073 1.8 (0.8-4.1) 0.181 1.8 (0.8-4.2) 0.167 1.6 (0.7-3.8) 0.290
Hypertension  
Female 63.3 (19) 49.5 (100) 1.8 (0.8-3.9) 0.157 1.6 (0.7-3.6) 0.256     
Male 36.7 (11) 50.5 (102) Ref        
All 45.5 (30) 10.2 (202) 7.3 (4.4-12.1) 0.000 3.9 (2.2-6.7) 0.000 3.8 (2.2-6.5) 0.000 3.2 (1.6-6.1) 0.001
Normal  
Female 50.0 (18) 48.3 (856) 1.1 (0.6-2.1) 0.841 1.3 (0.7-2.5) 0.459     
Male 50.0 (18) 51.7 (916) Ref        
All 54.5 (36) 89.3 (1772) Ref