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Table 5 Distribution of body mass indices by diabetes status

From: A population-based survey of prevalence of diabetes and correlates in an urban slum community in Nairobi, Kenya

Variable Diabetes % (n) Non diabetes % (n) Odds ratio (95% CI) P value Age-adjusted OR (95% CI) P value Age-sex adjusted OR (95% CI) P value Age-sex-smoking-alcohol use-METS adjusted OR (95% CI) P value
BMI (n 2036)  
> 30 Obese  
Female 79.3 (23) 77.6 (235) 1.1 (0.4-2.8) 0.828 1.5 (0.5-4.0) 0.457     
Male 20.7 (6) 22.4 (68) ref        
All 44.6 (29) 15.4 (303) 5.0 (2.8-9.1) 0.000 3.4 (1.8-6.3) 0.000 3.2 (1.7-6.2) 0.001 3.4 (1.5-7.5) 0.003
>25-29.9 Overweight  
Female  
Male 50 (7) 54 (312) 0.9 (0.3-2.5) 0.768 1.0 (0.3-3.0) 0.965     
All 50 (7) 46 (266) Ref        
21.5(14) 29.3 (578) 1.3 (0.6-2.6) 0.494 0.9 (0.5-1.9) 0.881 0.9 (0.4-1.9) 0.833 1.2 (0.6-2.7) 0.612
18.5-25 Normal  
Female 31.6 (6) 37.6 (376) 0.8 (0.3-2.0) 0.593 1.0 (0.4-2.6) 0.949     
Male 68.4 (13) 62.4 (625) Ref        
All 29.2 (19) 50.8 (1001) Ref        
< 18.5 Under weight  
Female 33.3 (1) 33.7 (30) 1.0 (0.1-11.3) 1.000 1.7 (0.1-22.9) 0.705     
Male 66.7 (2) 66.3 (59) Ref        
All 4.6 (3) 4.5 (89) 1.8 (0.5-6.1) 0.363 1.9 (0.5-6.8) 0.308 1.9 (0.6-6.8) 0.301 3.0 (0.8-11.2) 0.101
Waist Cir. (n 2031)  
Elevated  
Female 89.7 (26) 94.1 (383) 0.5 (0.2-2.0) 0.441 1.0 (0.2-1.1) 0.977     
Male 10.3 (3) 5.9 (24) Ref        
All 44.6 (29) 20.7 (407) 3.1 (1.9-5.1) 0.000 2.2 (1.3-3.7) 0.003 2.3 (1.2-4.6) 0.015 2.1 (1.0-4.5) 0.068
Normal  
Female 27.8 (10) 36.4 (568) 0.7 (0.3-1.4) 0.285 0.9 (0.4-2.0) 0.828     
Male 72.2 (26) 63.6 (991) Ref        
All 55.4 (36) 79.2 (1559) Ref        
Waist Hip Ratio (n 2026)  
High  
Female 85 (17) 88 (219) 0.8 (0.2-2.8) 0.721 0.9 (0.2-3.5) 0.897     
Male 15 (3) 12 (30) Ref        
All 30.8 (20) 12.7 (249) 3.1 (1.8-5.3) 0.000 2.3 (1.3-4.0) 0.004 2.1 (1.1-3.9) 0.020 2.4 (1.1-5.0) 0.028
Normal  
Female 42.2 (19) 42.6 (729) 1.0 (0.5-1.8) 0.962 1.2 (0.7-2.3) 0.505     
Male 57.8 (26) 57.4 (983) Ref        
All 69.2 (45) 87.3 (1712)         
  1. Waist Circumference (Waist Circ): Elevated Male >102 cm; Female > 88 cm.
  2. Waist Hip Ratio High: >0.90 males and 0.80 in females.