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Table 4 Risk factor distribution by diabetic status

From: A population-based survey of prevalence of diabetes and correlates in an urban slum community in Nairobi, Kenya

Variable All % (n) Persons with diabetes Non without diabetes P value
Tobacco Smoking  
Current %(n) 13.2 (269) 12.1 (8) 13.2 (261) 0. 801
Smoking daily %(n) 84.8 (228) 87.5 (7) 84.7 (221) 1.000
Age Started yrs mean(SD) 19.7 (5.5) 20.1 (1.5) 19.7 (5.6) 0.844
Duration Smoking yrs mean (SD) 16.5 (10) 28.6 (11.6) 16.0 (10) 0.001
Pack years median(IQR) 6.0 (2.5-10.9) 12.8 (8.8-20.3) 6 (2.5-10.5) 0.049
Alcohol Consumption  
Ever consumed 30.1 (616) 21.2 (14) 30.4 (602) 0.109
In past 12 months 81.0 (499) 92.9 (13) 80.7 (486) 0.487
In past 30 days 76.8 (383) 69.2 (9) 77 (374) 0.511
Frequency in past 12 months  
Daily 19.1 (95) 30.8 (4) 18.8 (91) 0.768
5-6 days/wk 14.3 (71) 7.7 (1) 14.4 (70)  
1-4 days/wk 28.7 (143) 30.8 (4) 28.7 (139)  
1-3 days/wk 23.3 (116) 23.1 (3) 23.3 (113)  
Avg. No. drinks median(IQR) 4 (3–6) 4 (4–6) 4 (3–6) 0.408
Largest No. drinks/sitting 6 (5–9) 8 (6–9) 6 (5–9) 0.367
Physical Activity  
Work Vigorous 29.6 (606) 19.7 (13) 30.0 (593) 0.072
Days/week median(IQR) 6 (5–7) 6 (3–7) 6 (5–7) 0.928
Hours/day median (IQR) 8 (3–9) 8 (4–10) 8 (3–9) 0.494
Work moderate 46.1 (942) 39.4 (26) 46.3 (916) 0.269
Days/week median(IQR) 6 (5–7) 4.5 (2–7) 6 (5–7) 0.005
Hours/day median (IQR) 6 (3–8) 5 (2–8) 6 (3–8) 0.136
Travel (walk/cycle) 77.4 (1582) 71.2 (47) 77.6 (1535) 0.225
Days/week median(IQR) 6 (5–7) 6(4–7) 6 (5–7) 0.741
Hours/day median (IQR) 1 (0.8-2) 1 (0.7-3.0) 1 (0.8-2) 0.867
Recreational vigorous 15.2 (311) 12.1 (8) 15.3 (303) 0.478
Days/week median(IQR) 2.0 (1–3) 4.5 (2–6) 2 (1–3) 0.084
Hours/day median (IQR) 2.0 (1–2) 2.5 (0.4-5) 2 (1–2) 0.418
Recreational moderate 16.4 (336) 21.2 (14) 16.3 (322) 0.287
Days/week median(IQR) 3 (1–6) 5 (3–7) 2 (1–6) 0.021
Hours/day median (IQR) 1 (0.8-2) 1 (0.6-3) 1 (0.8-2) 0.810
Time sitting/recining + hrs(range) 4 (2–6) 4.2 (2–8) 4 (2–6) 0.306
METS median (IQR) 10800 (3840–21120) 5760 (2011–20160) 10800 (3912–21120) 0.085
  1. + Sleeping time not included.
  2. * METs minutes per week.