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Table 1 Demographics and behavioural risk factors by sex

From: A population-based survey of prevalence of diabetes and correlates in an urban slum community in Nairobi, Kenya

Variable Overall Male Female
  % (n) % (n) % (n)
Age yrs  
18-24 28.3 (578) 27.7 (291) 28.8 (287)
25-34 31.8 (651) 30.1 (316) 33.7 (335)
35-44 22.1 (452) 22.2 (233) 22.0 (219)
45-54 12.5 (256) 13.7 (144) 11.3 (112)
55-64 3.8 (78) 4.8 (50) 2.8 (28)
65-74 1.2 (25) 1.4 (15) 1.0 (10)
≥ 75 0.2 (5) 0.1 (1) 0.4 (4)
18-90 100 (2045) 51.0 (1050) 48.4 (995)
Years in school, mean (SD) 9.3 (3.3) 9.8 (3.2) 8.7 (3.2)
Tobacco smoking  
Current % (n) 13.1 (269) 22 (231) 3.8 (38)
Smoking daily % (n) 84.8 (228) 89.2 (206) 57.9 (22)
Age started yrs mean (SD) 19.7 (5.5) 19.9 (5.7) 18.6 (3.4)
Age started range yrs 10-45 10-45 10-24
Duration years mean (SD) 16.5 (10) 16.4 (10.2) 17.3 (9.1)
Pack years median (IQR) 6 (2.5-10.9) 6 (2.4-10.5) 7.5 (4.4-12.0)
Alcohol consumption  
Ever consumed 30.1 (616) 43.2 (454) 16.3 (162)
In past 12 months 81.0 (499) 89.6 (407) 56.8 (92)
In past 30 days 76.8 (383) 79.1 (322) 66.3 (61)
Frequency in past 12 months  
Daily 19.1 (95) 22.1 (90) 5.5 (5)
5-6 days/week 14.3 (71) 13.8 (56) 16.5 (15)
1-4 days/week 28.7 (143) 27.0 (110) 36.3 (33)
1-3 days/week 23.3 (116) 22.9 (93) 25.3 (23)
Average number of drinks median 4 (3–6) 4 (3–6) 3 (2–5)
(IQR) 6 (4.5-9) 6 (5–9) 6 (4–7)
Largest number of drinks/sitting  
Physical Activity  
Work Vigorous 29.6 (606) 39.1 (411) 19.6 (195)
Days/week median(IQR) 6 (5–7) 6 (5–7) 6 (3–7)
Hours/day median (IQR) 8 (3–9) 8 (4–9) 6 (2–8)
Work moderate 46.1 (943) 39.1 (411) 53.4 (532)
Days/week median(IQR) 6 (5–7) 6 (4–7) 7 (5–7)
Hours/day median (IQR) 6 (3–8) 6 (3–8) 5 (2.1-8.0)
Travel (walk/cycle) 77.4(1583) 80.3 (843) 74.3 (740)
Days/week median(IQR) 6 (5–7) 6 (5–7) 6 (4–7)
Hours/day median (IQR) 1 (0.75-2) 1.3 (0.8-2.0) 1 (0.7-2.0)
Recreational vigorous 15.2 (311) 21.7 (228) 8.3 (83)
Days/week median(IQR) 2.0 (1–3) 2.0 (1.0-3.0) 2 (1–3)
Hours/day median (IQR) 2.0 (0.8-2) 2.0 (1.0-3.0) 1.4 (1–2)
Recreational moderate 16.4 (336) 2.0 (1.0-2.0) 16 (159)
Days/week median(IQR) 3 (1–6) 16.9 (177) 3 (1–6)
Hours/day median (IQR) 1 (0.7-2) 3.0 (1.0-6.0) 1 (0.7-2)
Time sitting/reclining hrs mean(range) + 4 (2–6) 1.5 0.8-2.0) 4 (2–7)
METS*, median (IQR) 10800 (3840–21120) 4.0(2–6) 13474 (5040–24960) 8400 (3168–15630)
  1. + sleeping time not included.
  2. * METs minutes per week.