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Table 2 Pre-test comparisons of smoking knowledge, attitude, intentions and behaviors

From: The impact of education programs on smoking prevention: a randomized controlled trial among 11 to 14 year olds in Aceh, Indonesia

Outcomes Health-based (n = 122) Islamic-based (n = 109) Combined (n = 117) Control (n = 128) p valuesa
Health knowledge (mean ± SD) 6.7 ± 2.4*** 7.7 ± 2.6 6.8 ± 2.8*** 8.6 ± 2.6 < 0.001
Islamic knowledge (mean ± SD) 9.9 ± 3.4*** 12.0 ± 2.4 10.1 ± 2.6** 11.4 ± 2.6 < 0.001
Smoking attitude (mean ± SD) 51.1 ± 14.4*** 41.5 ± 10.7 46.1 ± 10.1* 42 ± 9.5 < 0.001
Intention to smoke next year, n (%) 28 (23.0) 14 (12.8) 18 (15.4) 17 (13.3) 0.12
Intention to smoke during senior high school, n (%) 32 (26.2) 17 (15.6) 22 (18.8) 19 (14.8) 0.09
Intention to smoke at age 50 or older, n (%) 39 (32.0) 24 (22.0) 24 (20.0) 25 (19.0) 0.08
Past week smoking, n (%) 17 (13.9) 4 (3.7) 4 (3.4) 13 (10.2) < 0.01
Past month smoking, n (%) 15 (12.3) 4 (3.7) 4 (3.4) 9 (7.0) < 0.05
Lifetime smoking, n (%) 39 (32.0) 16 (14.7) 18 (15.4) 29 (22.7) < 0.01
  1. a The comparison was analyzed using ANOVA for knowledge and attitude, and the chi-squared test of association for smoking intentions and behaviors.
  2. * < 0.05, ** < 0.01, *** < 0.001 compared to control group.