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Table 4 Logistic regression analysis in each country

From: Time perspective as a predictor of smoking status: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Surveys in Scotland, France, Germany, China, and Malaysia

Country N Non-smoker adjusted OR (95% CI)
Scotland 825 1.44 (1.00-2.05)*
France 2,254 1.28 (1.00-1.64)*
Germany 2,538 1.89 (1.55-2.30)***
China 5,598 1.06 (0.86-1.29)
Malaysia 3,087 2.42 (1.59-3.68)***
All countries 14,358 1.36 (1.22-1.51)***
  1. *p < .05; ***p<.001.
  2. Note. Adjusted odds ratios are from model adjusted for respondents’ gender, age, income, ethnicity, and education.