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Table 2 Sample characteristics by country

From: Time perspective as a predictor of smoking status: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Surveys in Scotland, France, Germany, China, and Malaysia

Variables Country
  All countries Scotland France Germany China Malaysia
  S NS S NS S NS S NS S NS S NS
Sex             
% Male 77.9 38.6 40.3 36.8 48.2 34.5 47.8 41.9 94.9 47.1 95.7 30.2
Age group             
18-24 8.0 8.0 6.5 4.0 13.4 8.0 14.9 7.6 1.0 3.4 15.0 13.4
25-39 24.7 24.7 27.1 21.7 37.2 24.4 25.1 22.4 16.1 18.2 33.1 33.1
40-54 42.1 34.6 38.6 31.2 36.6 32.4 40.2 31.4 49.1 39.6 32.6 33.8
55+ 25.2 32.7 27.8 43.1 12.8 35.2 19.7 38.6 33.9 38.9 19.3 19.7
Ethnicity             
Majority 88.5 83.7 97.8 95.5 87.0 87.6 96.3 97.5 94.8 93.8 66.9 60.7
Income             
Low 25.3 24.3 54.7 42.3 28.9 26.3 26.0 22.0 16.5 14.2 35.3 30.2
Moderate 41.9 38.4 25.6 22.0 44.2 45.0 38.6 34.4 45.3 49.9 38.3 32.2
High 25.2 24.6 13.0 25.7 23.8 23.4 20.0 24.6 31.5 30.1 18.5 19.6
No answer 7.6 12.8 6.7 10.1 3.1 5.3 15.4 19.1 6.7 5.8 7.9 18.1
Education level             
Low 20.8 21.0 55.4 49.5 44.9 50.3 22.2 18.1 11.8 13.2 11.5 13.3
Moderate 57.4 52.2 30.9 26.7 35.3 30.3 37.8 33.4 66.8 60.9 76.0 70.6
High 21.7 26.8 13.0 22.8 19.8 19.4 40.0 48.5 21.4 25.8 12.4 16.2
No answer 0.0 0.1 0.7 1.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
  1. Note: all estimates are unweighted.
  2. S, Smokers; NS, Non-smokers.