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Table 3 VL-malaria co-infections, stratified by malaria treatment, and their association with in-hospital death, Sudan (2005-2010)

From: Concomitant malaria among visceral leishmaniasis in-patients from Gedarif and Sennar States, Sudan: a retrospective case-control study

Malaria treatment n in-hospital fatalities / denominator % Odds Ratio 95% Confidence Interval
Artesunate + SP 0/118 0 1  
Artemether 10/186 5.4 13.34 0.77-229.85*
Quinine 4/69 5.8 15.35 0.81-289.33*
Artesunate 0/15 0 - -
Artemether + lumefantrine 0/9 0 - -
  1. *P-value <0.10 based on Fisher Exact Probability tests. For the statistical analysis, a value of 0.5 was added to each variable to ensure calculation of OR and 95% CI.