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Table 2 Mean 25 (OH) D levels by cardiovascular disease risk factors of UAE adolescents aged 12 to 18 years (n=315), AL Ain, 2010

From: Vitamin D deficiency among healthy adolescents in Al Ain, United Arab Emirates

Variable All Mean 25 (OH) D Level, ng/mL  
  n (95% CI) p-value
BMI    
<85 percentile 212 23.8 (21.9-25.9)  
≥85th percentile 50 25.8 (22.5-29.2)  
≥95th percentile 52 20.6 (18.2-22.4) 0.023
Waist circumference ≥90th percentile    
Yes 25 20.5 (17.8-23.2)  
No 290 23.9 (22.7-25.0) 0.101
High blood pressure    
Yes 35 23.2 (20.5-25.9)  
No 279 23.7 (22.5-24.9) 0.342
Fasting Glucose ≥100 mg.dL    
Yes 17 21.3 (18.5-24.1)  
No 298 23.7 (22.6-24.9) 0.098
HDL-cholesterol ≤40 mg mg/dL    
Yes 174 24.9 (23.4-26.4)  
No 141 22.1 (20.5-23.6) 0.011
Triglycerides ≥ 110 mg/dL    
Yes 16 23.2 (17.8-28.5)  
No 299 23.6 (22.5-24.8) 0.860
Metabolic syndrome    
Yes 26 22.0 (19.7-24.2)  
No 288 23.8 (22.6-24.9) 0.151