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Table 4 Burden of chronic disease among the newly sick-listed compared to the general population sample #

From: Cumulative incidence of sickness absence and disease burden among the newly sick-listed, a cross-sectional population-based study

  Standardized by age groups Standardized by age and socio-economic groups Standardized by age, socio-economic groups and gender
  Men Women Men Women Total sample
  Expected number of cases Observed number of cases Standardized incidence ratio (95% C.I) Expected number of cases Observed number of cases Standardized incidence ratio (95% C.I) Expected number of cases Observed number of cases Standardized incidence ratio (95% C.I) Expected number of cases Observed number of cases Standardized incidence ratio (95% C.I) Expected number of cases Observed number of cases Standardized incidence ratio (95% C.I)
Neoplastic 9 34 4.0 (2.7–5.3)* 20 87 4.3 (3.4–5.2)* 8 33 4.2 (2.8–5.6)* 20 85 4.3 (3.4–5.2)* 1491 977 0.7 (0.6–0.7)*
Endocrine 41 59 1.4 (1.1–1.8)* 120 174 1.5 (1.2–1.7)* 38 58 1.5 (1.2–1.9)* 118 174 1.5 (1.3–1.7)* 314 403 1.3 (1.2–1.4)*
Psychiatric 44 90 2.0 (1.6–2.4)* 148 243 1.6 (1.5–1.8)* 41 87 2.1 (1.7–2.6)* 140 241 1.7 (1.5–1.9)* 386 406 1.1 (1.0–1.1)*
Neurologic 27 44 1.6 (1.2–2.1)* 73 92 1.3 (1.0–1.5) 26 42 1.6 (1.1–2.1)* 70 92 1.3 (1.1–1.6)* 297 311 1.0 (0.9–1.2)
Cardiovascular 130 180 1.4 (1.2–1.6)* 184 223 1.2 (1.1–1.4)* 124 173 1.4 (1.2–1.6)* 180 221 1.2 (1.1–1.4)* 642 851 1.3 (1.2–1.4)*
Pulmonary 109 112 1.0(0.9–1.2) 278 294 1.1 (0.9–1.2) 108 110 1.0 (0.8–1.2) 274 293 1.1 (1.0–1.2) 108 169 1.6 (1.3–1.8)*
Gastrointestinal 87 135 1.5 (1.3–1.8)* 255 328 1.3 (1.2–1.4)* 81 131 1.6 (1.4–1.9)* 249 325 1.3 (1.2–1.4)* 100 136 1.4 (1.1–1.6)*
Skin and allergic 76 87 1.1 (0.9–1.4) 221 224 1.0 (0.9–1.1) 72 84 1.2 (0.9–1.4) 223 222 1.0 (0.9–1.1) 192 333 1.7 (1.6–1.9)*
Musculoskeletal 174 231 1.3 (1.2–1.5)* 467 620 1.3 (1.2–1.4)* 166 228 1.4 (1.2–1.5)* 456 615 1.3 (1.3–1.4)* 161 233 1.4 (1.3–1.6)*
Rheumatic 17 30 1.7 (1.1–2.4)* 91 139 1.5 (1.3–1.8)* 17 30 1.8 (1.2–2.4)* 83 139 1.7 (1.4–2.0)* 29 121 4.2 (3.5–4.9)*
Gynaecologic 80 106 1.3 (1.1–1.6)* 79 105 1.3 (1.1–1.6)* 343 463 1.4 (1.2–1.5)*
Other 32 56 1.7 (1.3–2.2)* 57 71 1.2 (1.0–1.5) 32 54 1.7 (1.2–2.1)* 55 70 1.3 (1.0–1.6) 80 106 1.3 (1.1–1.6)*
No Disease 552 356 0.6 (0.6–0.7) 939 621 0.7 (0.6–0.7) 542 347 0.6 (0.6–0.7) 940 613 0.7 (0.6–0.7) 1563 977 0.6 (0.6–0.7)*
One chronic disease 364 480 1.2 (1.2–1.4)* 696 806 1.2 (1.1–1.2)* 357 469 1.3 (1.2–1.4)* 683 795 1.2 (1.1–1.2)* 1033 1286 1.2 (1.2–1.3)*
More than one chronic disease 157 237 1.5 (1.3–1.7)* 496 704 1.4 (1.3–1.5)* 150 230 1.5 (1.4–1.7)* 484 700 1.4 (1.4–1.5)* 607 941 1.5 (1.5–1.6)*
  1. #Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) for chronic disease in the newly sick-listed sample are shown. If the SIR is 1.0 the incidence among the newly sick-listed equals that of the general population sample. A significant difference (*) between the two samples is observed when the 95% confidence interval does not include 1.0.