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Table 3 Risk of not being currently employed associated with chronic conditions, adjusting for sociodemographic, health and lifestyle factors, from multivariate log-Poisson regressions*

From: Chronic back problems and labor force participation in a national population survey: impact of comorbid arthritis

  Overall Female Male
  N = 71272 N = 37697 N = 33575
  PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI)
Chronic condition    
 None 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Back problem and arthritis 1.43 (1.30, 1.58)† 1.31 (1.18, 1.46)† 1.90 (1.58, 2.29)†
 Back problem 1.13 (1.04, 1.23)† 1.05 (0.95, 1.16) 1.35 (1.15, 1.58)†
 Arthritis 1.22 (1.11, 1.33)† 1.22 (1.11, 1.34)† 1.29 (1.08, 1.54)†
 Other chronic condition(s) 1.19 (1.11, 1.27)† 1.09 (1.01, 1.17)† 1.41 (1.22, 1.63)†
Sex    
 Male 1.00   
 Female 2.28 (2.14, 2.43)†   
Age    
 25-34 1.00 1.00 1.00
 35-44 0.89 (0.80, 0.99)† 0.86 (0.77, 0.95)† 1.02 (0.77, 1.35)
 45-54 0.94 (0.84, 1.05) 0.79 (0.70, 0.90)† 1.69 (1.31, 2.19)†
 55-64 2.86 (2.60, 3.14)† 2.19 (1.98, 2.42)† 6.35 (5.10, 7.91)†
Education    
 < Secondary grad 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Secondary grad 0.69 (0.64, 0.75)† 0.68 (0.62, 0.74)† 0.68 (0.56, 0.81)†
 Some post-secondary 0.64 (0.57, 0.72)† 0.58 (0.50, 0.67)† 0.78 (0.62, 0.98)†
 Post-secondary 0.48 (0.44, 0.52)† 0.44 (0.40, 0.48)† 0.58 (0.51, 0.67)†
BMI    
 Underweight/normal 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Overweight 0.86 (0.81, 0.92)† 0.89 (0.83, 0.96)† 0.84 (0.75, 0.94)†
 Obese 0.96 (0.89, 1.03) 0.95 (0.88, 1.04) 1.04 (0.89, 1.21)
Smoking status    
 Never 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Current 0.97 (0.90, 1.05) 0.92 (0.84, 1.00) 1.13 (0.95, 1.34)
 Former 0.97 (0.91, 1.04) 0.95 (0.88, 1.02) 1.02 (0.87, 1.20)
Alcohol consumption    
 Non-drinker 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Regular 0.53 (0.49, 0.57)† 0.53 (0.49, 0.58)† 0.56 (0.48, 0.65)†
 Occasional 0.68 (0.63, 0.74)† 0.69 (0.63, 0.75)† 0.72 (0.59, 0.88)†
Physical activity    
 Active 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Moderately active 0.86 (0.80, 0.92)† 0.97 (0.90, 1.06) 0.66 (0.58, 0.76)†
 Inactive 0.74 (0.69, 0.79)† 0.84 (0.77, 0.91)† 0.57 (0.50, 0.64)†
Living arrangement    
 Single, with/without others 1.00 1.00 1.00
 With partner 1.10 (1.02, 1.18)† 1.33 (1.23, 1.45)† 0.72 (0.65, 0.81)†
 With children 1.14 (1.05, 1.23)† 1.53 (1.40, 1.67)† 0.50 (0.42, 0.60)†
 Other 1.00 (0.88, 1.13) 1.16 (1.01, 1.34)† 0.79 (0.63, 1.00)†
  1. * Values shown are prevalence ratios (PR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).
  2. † indicates statistical significance of p < 0.05.
  3. N = Analytic sample. Variance estimations were derived using bootstrap weights provided by Statistics Canada to account for sampling design for the CCHS.