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Table 2 Sociodemographic differences in the prevalence and pattern of opium use among males in different tribes of Arunachal Pradesh

From: Correlates of opium use: retrospective analysis of a survey of tribal communities in Arunachal Pradesh, India

Variables Khamti Singhpho Tangsa Tutsa Total
N Opium user (%) N Opium user (%) N Opium user (%) N Opium user (%) N Opium user (%)
Age (years)           
 15–34 40 10 123 12.2 823 3.9 68 - 1054 4.8
 35–54 24 45.8a 58 41.4a 366 10.9 23 17.4 471 16.8
 ≥55 10 60.0a 33 36.4a 213 17.8 14 35.7 270 22.6
  χ 2 (d.f. =2)   p< 0.001   p< 0.001   p< 0.001   -   p< 0.001
Education           
 Illiterate 14 50.0a 56 39.3a 595 11.4 45 15.6 710 14.6
 Primary 13 30.8ab 57 38.6a 277 7.6 24 - 371 12.7
 Middle 43 20.9b 85 8.2 425 4.0a 33 6.1 586 6.0a
 Secondary or above 4 25.0ab 16 - 105 3.8a 3 - 128 3.9a
  χ 2 (d.f. =3)   p< 0.05   p< 0.001   p< 0.001   -   p< 0.001
Occupation           
 Unemployed 21 - 58 1.7 364 0.6 33 - 476 0.6
 Employed 8 - 15 - 134 7.5a 13 15.4 170 7.1
 Self employed 45 46.7 141 35.5 904 10.8a 59 11.9 1149 15.3
  χ 2 (d.f. =2)   -   -   p< 0.001   -   p< 0.001
Marital status           
 Unmarried 30 3.3 88 4.6 581 2.1 63 - 762 2.2
 Married 43 46.5 115 36.5a 740 11.4 38 18.4 966 15.8
 Widower 1 - 11 45.5a 51 27.5 4 50 67 31.3
  χ 2 (d.f. =2)   -   p< 0.001   p< 0.001   -   p< 0.001
Religion           
 Buddhist 74 28.4 214 23.9 151 8.0a - - 438 19.2a
 Christian - - - - 386 2.9 - - 386 2.9
 Hindu - - - - 692 7.4a 54 13 746 7.8
 Indigenous - - - - 173 20.8 51 3.9 225 16.9a
  χ 2 (d.f. =3)   -   -   p< 0.001   -   p< 0.001
Household size           
 2–3 (Small) 8 25.0a 27 48.2 266 9.0a 11 18.2a 312 13.1a
 4–6 (Medium) 34 23.5a 108 25.9 627 10.1a 40 10.0ab 809 12.7a
 ≥ 7 (Large) 32 34.4a 79 12.7 509 4.5 54 5.6b 674 7.0
  χ 2 (d.f. =2)   p > 0.05   p< 0.001   p< 0.05   p< 0.05   p< 0.001
Total 74 28.4 214 23.8 1402 7.8 105 8.6 1795 10.6
  1. a,b: values marked by similar letter (a or b not in superscript) shows no significance difference; χ 2– Chi-square; d.f.- degree of freedom.