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Table 1 General sociodemographic characteristics of tribal respondents and age of initiation and duration of opium use

From: Correlates of opium use: retrospective analysis of a survey of tribal communities in Arunachal Pradesh, India

Background characteristics Male N (%) Female N (%) Total N (%)
Total number of respondents 1795 (52.5) 1626 (47.5) 3421 (100.0)
Mean age of respondents (years) ± SD 34.3 ± 16.7 33.3 ± 15.3 33.8 ± 16.1
Education    
 Illiterate 710 (39.6) 1135 (69.8) 1845 (53.9)
 Primary 371 (20.7) 145 (8.9) 516 (15.1)
 Middle 586 (32.6) 313 (19.3) 899 (26.3)
 Secondary or above 128 (7.1) 33 (2.0) 161 (4.7)
Occupation    
 Unemployed 476 (26.5) 1214 (74.7) 1690 (49.4)
 Self employed 1149 (64.0) 382 (23.5) 1531 (44.8)
 Employed 170 (9.5) 30 (1.8) 200 (5.8)
Marital status    
 Unmarried 762 (42.5) 489 (30.1) 1251 (36.6)
 Married 966 (53.8) 974 (59.9) 1940 (56.7)
 Widower/Widow 67 (3.7) 163 (10.0) 230 (6.7)
Religion    
 Buddhist 438 (24.4) 393 (24.2) 831 (24.3)
 Christian 386 (21.5) 356 (21.9) 742 (21.7)
 Hindu 746 (41.6) 691 (42.5) 1437 (42.0)
 Indigenous 225 (12.5) 186 (11.4) 411 (12.0)
Ethnic group    
 Khamti 74 (4.1) 58 (3.5) 132 (3.9)
 Singhpho 214 (11.9) 190 (11.7) 404 (11.8)
 Tangsa 1402 (78.1) 1313 (80.8) 2715 (79.4)
 Tutsa 105 (5.8) 65 (4.0) 170 (4.9)
Opium user 191 (10.6) 34 (2.1) 225 (6.6)
Other substance use Among opium user
 Tobacco (in any form) 150 (78.5) 21 (61.8) 171 (76.0)
 Alcohol 93 (48.7) 6 (17.6) 99 (44.0)
   Mean ± SD (in Years)
Age at initiation of opium use 23.2 ± 9.3 27.0 ± 9.9 23.7 ± 9.3
Duration of taking opium 3.5 ± 0.9 3.4 ± 0.9 3.4 ± 0.9
  1. N Number of respondents; SD standard deviation.