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Table 5 Malaria prevalence stratified by different risk factors among community members, Shewa Robit Town, northeastern Ethiopia, 2011

From: Community knowledge, attitude and practice about malaria in a low endemic setting of Shewa Robit Town, northeastern Ethiopia

Variables Number   AOR(95%CI)
Examined Positive (%)
Age <5 42 4(9.5) 1.00
  5-14 79 1(1.3) 0.12(0.01, 1.50)
  ≥15 304 7(2.3) 0.79(0.04,14.95)
Sex Male 172 8(4.6) 1.00
  Female 253 4(1.6) 0.48 (0.07, 3.55)
Distance of breeding site ≤500 ms 123 9(7.3) 1.00
  >500 ms 157 2(1.3) 0.06(0.01,0.22)**
DDT spray Yes 297 6(2.0) 1.00
  No 128 6(4.7) 2.31 (1.98,2.69)**
Presence of ITN No 37 3(8.1) 1.00
  Yes 388 9(2.3) 0.17 (0.06, 0.50)*
Screened windows Yes 242 3 (1.2) 1.00
  No 103 7(6.8) 2.16 (0.89,5.24)
Presence of hole in the wall Yes 153 11(7.2) 1.00
  No 272 1(0.4) 0.08(0.01, 0.58)*
  1. ** = significant at <0.001 level; * = significant at <0.05 level; AOR = adjusted odds ratio.
  2. Adjusted OR (adjusted odds ratio from multivariable logistic regression model) = when the effect of one factor on malaria prevalence is evaluated the analysis was adjusted for other remaining factors listed in the table. In addition, the analysis was adjusted for the clustering effect of kebeles using robust standard error.