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Table 5 Comparability of alternative versions of NEWS/NEWS-A subscales with the standard versions

From: Sharing good NEWS across the world: developing comparable scores across 12 countries for the neighborhood environment walkability scale (NEWS)

Subscale [version] Items Countries using specific version No. of countries used for comparisons* Average (min, max) correlation between standard and alternative versions Average (min, max) effect size for difference between mean scores on standard and alternative versions Comparable
Land use mix – access [standard] AL1, AL2, AL3 AUS, BRZ, COL, CZR, DEN, HKG, MEX, NZL, SPA, USA     
Land use mix – access [alternative] AL1, AL3 BEL, UK 10 0.94 (0.91, 0.96) −0.10 (−0.16, 0.02) YES
Street connectivity [standard] SC1, SC3 BRZ, COL, CZR, DEN, HKG, MEX, NZL, SPA, USA     
Street connectivity [alternative 1] SC1, SC2 AUS 2 0.74 (0.65, 0.82) 0.24 (0.11, 0.36) NO
Street connectivity [alternative 2] SC2, SC3 BEL 2 0.68 (0.56, 0.79) 0.19 (0.01, 0.36) NO
Street connectivity [alternative 3] SC1 AUS 10 0.79 (0.66, 0.85) 0.10 (−0.13, 0.26) MARGINALLY
Street connectivity [alternative 4] SC3 BEL 10 0.79 (0.75, 0.85) −0.11 (−0.26, 0.13) MARGINALLY
Infrastructure and safety for walking/cycling [standard] IS1, IS2, IS3, IS4 BEL, COL, CZR, DEN, MEX, NZL, SPA, UK, USA     
Infrastructure and safety for walking/cycling [alternative] IS1, IS2, IS4 AUS, BRZ, HKG 9 0.94 (0.89, 0.96) −0.08 (−0.19, 0.05) YES
Aesthetics [standard] AE1, AE3, AE4, AE5 BRZ, COL, CZR, DEN, HKG, MEX, NZL, SPA, USA     
Aesthetics [alternative 1] AE1, AE4, AE5 BEL, UK 9 0.96 (0.95, 0.97) −0.03 (−0.18, 0.09) YES
Aesthetics [alternative 2] AE2, AE3, AE4, AE5 AUS 2 0.97 (0.96, 0.97) 0.02 (−0.12, 0.16) YES
Traffic safety/hazards [standard] TH2, TH4, TH5 COL, DEN, HKG, MEX, NZL, SPA, UK, USA     
Traffic safety/hazards [alternative 1] TH2, TH3 AUS 2 0.80 (0.79, 0.81) −0.03 (−0.57, 0.51) MARGINALLY
Traffic safety/hazards [alternative 2] TH1, TH4, TH5 BRZ 2 0.94 (0.93, 0.94) 0.09 (0.06, 0.12) YES
Traffic safety/hazards [alternative 3] TH1, TH3, TH5 BEL, CZR 2 0.80 (0.75, 0.84) 0.24 (0.17, 0.30) MARGINALLY
  1. Effect size is represented by Cohen’s d (<|0.25| = very small effect size). *Countries that had available data on all items of the standard and alternative version(s) of the subscale. NEWS, Neighborhood environment walkability scale; NEWS-A, NEWS – Abbreviated form; AUS, Australia; BEL, Belgium; BRZ, Brazil; COL, Colombia; CZR, Czech Republic; DEN, Denmark; HKG, Hong Kong; MEX, Mexico; NZL, New Zealand; UK, United Kingdom; USA, United States of America.