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Table 2 Correlations between personality patterns, nicotine dependence (FTND) and number of cigarettes smoked per day (CPD)

From: Gender differences in personality patterns and smoking status after a smoking cessation treatment

  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 FTND CPD
1. Schizoid - .58** .49** .26** -.69** -.46** .11 .22** -.10 .39** .45** .52** .38** .41** .18** .04
2. Avoidant .61**
(.57**)
- .67** .58** -.70** -.65** .13* .22** -.14* .49** .62** .63** .50** .47** .10 -.04
3. Depressive .39**
(.55**)
.56**
(.75**)
- .62** -.50** -.54** .24** .34** -.26** .59** .73** .67** .68** .51** .13* .02
4. Dependent .24**
(.27**)
.54**
(.60**)
.55**
(.66**)
- -.33** -.45** .18** .26** -.17** .54** .65** .53** .53** .44** .05 .04
5. Histrionic -.73**
(−.72**)
-.72**
(−.72**)
-.38**
(−.62**)
-.27**
(−.37**)
- .53** -.05 -.21** .17** -.38** -.41** -.56** -.37** -.40** -.12* -.04
6. Narcissistic -.47**
(−.49**)
-.62**
(−.75**)
-.46**
(−.62**)
-.45**
(−.51**)
.57**
(.73**)
- -.11 -.11 .04 -.37** -.48** -.41** -.38** -.27** -.11 .04
7. Antisocial .25**
(.01)
.12
(.13)
.23**
(.23**)
.14
(.20**)
-.14
(−.04)
-.02
(−.11)
- .69** -.61** .52** .32** .27** .55** .26** .10 .01
8. Sadistic-Aggressive .30**
(.16*)
.25**
(.20**)
.34**
(.35**)
.25**
(.27**)
-.29**
(−.17*)
-.09
(−.13)
.75**
(.64**)
- -.47** .66** .43** .40** .61** .45** .13* .06
9. Compulsive -.18*
(−.06)
-.09
(−.18*)
-.25**
(−.28**)
-.11
(−.20**)
.15
(.12)
-.01
(.18*)
-.63**
(−.65**)
-.46**
(−.50**)
- -.44** -.28** -.29** -.49** -.18** -.04 -.02
10. Negativistic .41**
(.37**)
.44**
(.52**)
.50**
(.65**)
.54**
(.54**)
-.32**
(−.44**)
-.36**
(−.43**)
.53**
(.53**)
.66**
(.67**)
-.38**
(−.49**)
- .64** .57** .79** .65** .13* .04
11. Masochistic .44**
(.45**)
.51**
(.70**)
.66**
(.77**)
.59**
(.69**)
-.37**
(−.48**)
-.39**
(−.54**)
.43**
(.23**)
.52**
(.36**)
-.33**
(−.28**)
.67**
(.63**)
- .63** .69** .50** .08 .01
12. Schizotypal .49**
(.54**)
.61**
(.64**)
.62**
(.70**)
.56**
(.52**)
-.52**
(−.60**)
-.38**
(−.47**)
.37**
(.20**)
.52**
(.30**)
-.32**
(−.28**)
.59**
(.57**)
.62**
(.64**)
- .63** .54** .13* .09
13. Borderline .38**
(.37**)
.42**
(.56**)
.62**
(.72**)
.49**
(.56**)
-.31**
(−.44**)
-.34**
(−.43**)
.54**
(.55**)
.63**
(.60**)
-.45**
(−.55**)
.75**
(.82**)
.69**
(.69**)
.67**
(.60**)
- .50** .14* .07
14. Paranoid .48**
(.36**)
.53**
(.43**)
.46**
(.53**)
.47**
(.42**)
-.37**
(−.43**)
-.32**
(−.27**)
.33**
(.22**)
.46**
(.45**)
-.16
(−.19*)
.61**
(.69**)
.49**
(.51**)
.53**
(.54**)
.47**
(.52**)
- .11 -.01
FTND .19*
(.17*)
.07
(.11)
.14
(.12)
.01
(.09)
-.10
(−.16*)
-.20*
(−.05)
.19*
(.02)
.10
(.16*)
-.15
(.03)
.10
(.16*)
.04
(.10)
.11
(.14)
.14
(.14)
.05
(.16*)
- .61**
CPD .02
(.07)
-.03
(−.04)
.06
(.01)
-.01
(.06)
.02
(−.03)
-.07
(.02)
-.10
(−.03)
-.05
(.08)
-.09
(.08)
.04
(.05)
.05
(−.01)
.09
(.09)
.07
(.08)
-.07
(.04)
.69**
(.56**)
-
  1. FTND = Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence; CPD = Cigarettes per day;
  2. The upper right quadrant shows the correlations obtained with the total sample (N = 288). The lower left quadrant shows the correlations according to gender (correlations in the women’s group in brackets).
  3. *p < .05; **p < .01.