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Table 2 Prevalence of use of hookah and cigarettes by sex

From: Evidence of emerging hookah use among university students: a cross-sectional comparison between hookah and cigarette use

   Total N (%) Male N (%) Female N (%) χ 2(1) p
Hookah use      
  Ever use 546 (46.4)* 268 (47.8) 278 (45.2) 0.4 0.529
  Past year use 361 (28.4)* 177 (28.4) 184 (28.4) 0.0001 0.994
  Current use 131 (9.9) 74 (11.9) 57 (8.2) 3.8 0.051
Cigarette use      
  Ever use 485 (42.1) 250 (44.9) 235 (33.6) 1.64 0.201
  Past year use 246 (19.6) 140 (22.4) 106 (17.3) 3.37 0.066
  Current use 141 (10.8)* 91 (14.7) 50 (7.4) 12.67 <.001
  1. Note. Percentages represent weighted percentages.
  2. *p<.05 (χ 2 values in results).