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Table 3 Age-adjusted odds ratios for being granted disability pension in 2001–2004 (95% confidence interval) across individual and firm predictors and both individual and firm predictors in two-level logistic regressions

From: Proof firm downsizing and diagnosis-specific disability pensioning in Norway

  Women (n=493,029 Men (n=524,958)
  Individual factors Firm factors Both Individual factors Firm factors Both
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Individual factors       
 Education (low=1)       
  Middle education 0.66 (0.64-0.68)   0.67 (0.65-0.69) 0.82 (0.81-0.83)   0.82 (0.81-0.83)
  High education 0.38 (0.36-0.39)   0.38 (0.37-0.40) 0.66 (0.63-0.68)   0.66 (0.64-0.68)
 Tenure years (<1/2 year =1)       
  ½-1 0.95 (0.89-1.02)   0.96 (0.89-1.02) 0.29 (0.28-0.30)   0.29 (0.28-0.31
  1-2 0.93 (0.87-0.99)   0.93 (0.88-0.99) 0.95 (0.89-1.03)   0.96 (0.89-1.30)
  2-4 0.88 (0.83-0.94)   0.89 (0.84-0.94) 0.85 (0.79-0.92)   0.86 (0.80-0.92)
  4+ 0.75 (0.71-0.79)   0.76 (0.72-0.80) 0.74 (0.69-0.80)   0.75 (0.69-0.80)
  Income 0.96 (0.95-0.97)   0.97 (0.96--0.97) 0.62 (0.58-0.65)   0.62 (0.59/0.66)
Firm factors       
 Firm downsizing (No =1)       
  1-29%   0.88 (0.84-0.93) 0.90 (0.86-0.95)   0.99 (0.94-1.06) 0.99 (0.94-1.06)
  30-59%   1.37 (1.27-1.49) 1.32 (1.22-1.43)   1.24 (1.13-1.36) 1.20 (1.09-1.31)
  60-100%   1.00 (0.94-1.06) 0.96 (0.91-1.02)   1.11 (1.04-1.18) 1.04 (0.98-1.11)
 Plant size   0.98 (0.97-0.99) 1.03 (1.01-1.04)   0.99 (0.97-1.01) 0.99 (0.98-1.01)
 Low education part   1.10 (1.08-1.12) 1.04 (1.02-1.05)   1.07 (1.06-1.09) 1.02 (1.00-1.04)
 Mean firm income   0.88 (0.87-0.90) 0.91 (0.89-0.92)   0.89 (0.87-0.91) 0.93 (0.92-0.95)
 Mean part of females   0.95 (0.94-0.97) 0.99 (0.97-1.01)   0.91 (0.89-0.93) 0.97 (0.95/0.99)
Variance between firms (SE) 0.083 (0.006) 0.091 (0.007) 0.072 (0.006) 0.134 (0.009) 0.227 (0.012) 0.122 (0.009)
Intraclass correlation coefficient 0.024 0.027 0.021 0.039 0.064 0.036
Explained variance (R2) 0.155 0.137 0.157 0.251 0.196 0.253