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Table 8 The role the public health community can play in the chemical disaster management cycle

From: A screening tool to prioritize public health risk associated with accidental or deliberate release of chemicals into the atmosphere

Prevention Emergency planning and preparedness Detection and alert Response Recovery
▪ Identifying chemical hazards ▪ Contributing to the design, set-up & maintenance of effective emergency response infrastructures ▪ Supporting installation of chemical detection & alarm systems ▪ Activating the public health aspects of the incident management system ▪ Organizing health care, including mental health care, to treat victims & to support them throughout the recovery cycle
▪ Conducting risk assessment ▪ Contributing to the development of integrated chemical emergency plans ▪ Establishing methods to detect & report covert chemical incidents ▪ Making rapid assessments of incident control options ▪ Undertaking risk & health outcome assessments
▪ Determining health impact of all potential release scenarios ▪ Developing public health chemical incident response plans ▪ Developing chemical incident recognition training ▪ Advising and alerting health care services ▪ Implementing remediation and restoration actions
▪ Communicating data on chemical hazards to the general public ▪ Supporting the development of relevant databases ▪ Developing diagnostic technologies for chemical exposures ▪ Ensuring coordination & integration of public health response ▪ Collecting and compiling epidemiological data
▪ Supporting land use planning regulations ▪ Preparing information on chemical hazards & countermeasures and communicating this information to the public ▪ Providing phone and Internet connections to report incidents ▪ Conducting a best outcome assessment for both immediate & long-term actions. ▪ Evaluating emergency response
▪ Supporting reduction in quantities of chemicals stored ▪ Maintaining an inventory of existing medical countermeasures ▪ Developing population health & environmental surveillance systems ▪ Disseminating information and advice to responders, the public & the media ▪ Tabulating and disseminating lessons learned
▪ Supporting product substitution ▪ Developing improved medical countermeasures ▪ Developing incident alert systems ▪ Registering all exposed individuals & collecting samples to estimate exposure  
▪ Supporting improved plant & equipment design ▪ Developing training programs   ▪ Conducting epidemiological investigations  
▪ Supporting increased security at chemical transport and storage facilities ▪ Planning and participating in chemical incident exercises    
▪ Supporting law enforcement and intelligence