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Table 2 Health system delay by diagnostic factor

From: Health system delay in pulmonary tuberculosis treatment in a country with an intermediate burden of tuberculosis: a cross-sectional study

Variable Number Median (days) No (%) of participants with long delaya No (%) of participants with extreme delayb
Previous hospitalisation Total 241    
 Yes 146 15 69 (47.3) 41 (28.1)
 No 95 15 46 (48.4) 18 (18.9)
Comorbidity Total 241    
 Yes 101 18 51 (50.5) 28 (27.7)
 No 140 15 64 (45.7) 31 (22.1)
Mantoux test results Total 241    
 Positive 222 15 107 (48.2) 4 (21.1)
 Negative 19 15 8 (42.1) 55 (24.8)
Cavity on chest radiography Total 241    
 Yes 64 15 29 (45.3) 13 (20.3)
 No 177 15 86 (48.6) 46 (26.0)
Specimen Total 241    
 Sputum 198 15 91 (46.0) 46 (23.2)
 Other 43 24 24 (55.8) 13 (30.2)
Sputum smear-positive Total 241    
 Yes 166 15 68 (41.0) 29 (17.5)
 No 75 30 47 (62.7) c 30 (40.0) d
Cough Total 241    
 Yes 176 15 84 (47.7) 40 (22.7)
 No 65 15 31 (47.7) 19 (29.2)
Cough with blood Total 241    
 Yes 42 7 18 (42.9) 9 (21.4)
 No 199 15 97 (48.7) 50 (25.1)
Fever Total 241    
 Yes 115 15 49 (42.6) 24 (20.9)
 No 126 21 66 (52.4) 35 (27.8)
Weight loss Total 241    
 Yes 138 15 65 (47.1) 28 (20.3)
 No 103 15 50 (48.5) 31(30.1)
Fatigue Total 241    
 Yes 156 15 71 (45.5) 34 (21.8)
 No 85 21 44 (51.8) 25 (29.4)
Night sweats Total 241    
 Yes 112 15 46 (41.1) 21 (18.8)
 No 129 28 69 (53.5) 38 (29.5)
Shortness of breath Total 241    
 Yes 73 15 31 (42.5) 18 (24.7)
 No 168 16.5 84 (50.0) 41 (24.4)
Other symptoms Total 241    
 Yes 28 30 19 (67.9) c 7 (25.0)
 No 213 15 96 (45.1) 52 (24.4)
Body mass index e Total 237    
 Underweight 31 15 15 (48.4) 6 (19.4)
 Normal 156 15 75 (48.1) 44 (28.2)
 Overweight 50 15 24 (48.0) 9 (18.0)
  1. a exceeding the median overall delay (15 days).
  2. b exceeding the 75th percentile overall delay (42 days).
  3. c significance levels of p < 0.05 for univariate logistic regression using the median (15 days) as a cut-off.
  4. d significance levels of p < 0.05 for univariate logistic regression using the 75th percentile (42 days) as a cut-off.
  5. e on the date of the interview.