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Table 3 Perceived effectiveness of common prevention methods for high blood pressure, as measured by mean and associated 95% confidence-interval* from a three-point Likert Scale

From: Hypertension and hypertension-related disease in Mongolia; findings of a national knowledge, attitudes and practices study

   Weight loss (Mean and 95%CI) Dietary changes (Mean and 95%CI) Medication (Mean and 95%CI) Exercise (Mean and 95%CI)
Total   1.85 (1.83-1.87) 1.90 (1.88-1.92) 2.16 (2.14-2.18) 2.04 (2.02-2.06)
Gender Male 1.80 (1.77-1.83) 1.83 (1.8-1.86) 2.12 (2.1-2.14) 2.01 (1.98-2.04)
  Female 1.88 (1.86-1.9) 1.95 (1.93-1.97) 2.18 (2.16-2.2) 2.07 (2.05-2.09)
Urbanicity Urban 1.92 (1.89-1.95) 1.93 (1.91-1.95) 2.21 (2.19-2.23) 2.08 (2.05-2.11)
  Rural 1.78 (1.73-1.75) 1.87 (1.82-1.84) 2.10 (2.08-2.1) 2.01 (1.98-2.01)
Age 15-24 1.7 (1.67-1.73) 1.82 (1.79-1.85) 2.08 (2.05-2.11) 1.99 (1.96-2.02)
  25-34 1.87 (1.83-1.91) 1.87 (1.83-1.91) 2.16 (2.13-2.19) 2.04 (2–2.08)
  35-44 1.94 (1.9-1.98) 1.97 (1.93-2.01) 2.2 (2.16-2.24) 2.07 (2.03-2.11)
  45-54 1.9 (1.86-1.94) 1.94 (1.9-1.98) 2.19 (2.15-2.23) 2.08 (2.03-2.13)
  55-64 1.95 (1.93-2.01) 1.98 (1.94-2.02) 2.23 (2.19-2.27) 2.09 (2.04-2.14)
Education Less than Primary 1.70 (1.64-1.76) 1.72 (1.65-1.79) 2.08 (2.03-2.13) 1.91 (1.83-1.99)
  Secondary School 1.78 (1.76-1.8) 1.87 (1.85-1.89) 2.14 (2.12-2.16) 2.02 (2.0-2.04)
  Tertiary 2.00 (1.97-2.03) 1.99 (1.96-2.02) 2.21 (2.18-2.24) 2.12 (2.09-2.15)
Employment Student 1.69 (1.65-1.73) 1.84 (1.8-1.88) 2.07 (2.04-2.1) 2.0 (1.96-2.04)
  Employed 1.92 (1.89-1.95) 1.94 (1.91-1.97) 2.18 (2.16-2.2) 2.08 (2.05-2.11)
  Unemployed 1.78 (1.73-1.83) 1.84 (1.79-1.89) 2.14 (2.1-2.18) 1.95 (1.9-2.0)
  H Maker/Retired 1.91 (1.87-1.95) 1.93 (1.89-1.97) 2.2 (2.17-2.23) 2.07 (2.03-2.11)
  1. * Mean of less than 2 indicates a prevention method which is perceived to be ineffective.