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Table 1 Socio-demographic, anthropometric and behavioural risk factor characteristics of GHS participants at baseline, six and twelve months (recruited between April 2009February 2011)

From: Effectiveness of Australia’s Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service®: maintenance of self-reported anthropometric and behavioural changes after program completion

   Baseline Six months   Twelve month  
   n= 1 088 n= 385 p- value†  n= 277 p- value†
   n % n %   n %  
Gender Male 219 20.1 88 22.9 NS 58 20.9 NS
  Female 869 79.9 297 77.1   219 79.1  
Age Groups 18-49 years 647 59.5 186 48.0 ** 134 48.4 NS
  50+ years 441 40.5 199 52.0   143 51.6  
Education~ Year 12 and below 367 33.9 129 33.6 NS 103 37.3 NS
  Other 717 66.1 255 66.4   173 62.7  
Employment Employed (full, part time or casual) 720 66.4 257 66.8 NS 191 69 NS
  Other 365 33.6 128 33.2   86 31  
Language English 1040 95.6 374 97.1 NS 270 97.5 NS
  Other 48 4.4 11 2.9   7 2.5  
Indigenous Non Aboriginal 1062 97.6 379 98.4 NS 272 98.2 NS
  Aboriginal 26 2.4 6 1.6   5 1.8  
Income <$AUS 80,000 556 58.1 206 59.9 NS 139 56.7 NS
  >$AUS 80,000 401 41.9 138 40.1   106 43.3  
SEIFA 1st, 2nd & 3rd quintiles (least advantaged) 595 57.4 203 54.1 NS 147 54.6 NS
  4th & 5th quintile (most disadvantaged) 441 42.6 172 45.9   122 45.4  
Region Major Cities 595 57.5 184 49.1 * 140 52 NS
  Other 440 42.5 191 50.9   129 48  
Coaching type No GP consent required 745 68.5 235 61.0 * 170 61.4 NS
  GP consent required 343 31.5 150 39.0   107 38.6  
Body Mass Index (BMI) classifications Under & acceptable weight (BMI 10.0-24.99) 162 16.2 67 18.1 NS 54 20.3 NS
  Overweight & Obese (BMI 25.0+) 835 83.8 303 81.9   212 79.7  
Waist circumference risk ¥ No risk 77 10.2 33 10.6 NS 26 11.5 NS
  Increased & greatly increased risk 679 89.8 282 89.4   201 88.5  
Recommended physical activity*** Insufficient 663 65.7 231 61.8 NS 163 60.8 NS
  Sufficient 346 34.3 142 38.2   105 39.2  
Fruit and vegetable consumption Consumes <2 serves of fruit daily 479 47.4 172 46.2 NS 124 46.3 NS
  Consumes ≥2 serves of fruit daily 531 52.6 200 53.8   144 53.7  
  Consumes <5 serves of vegetables daily 859 85 313 83.7 NS 222 82.8 NS
  Consumes ≥5 serves of vegetables daily 151 15 61 16.3   46 17.2  
  1. Notes:
  2. † Chi-square tests of significance between baseline and six months, and six months and twelve months.
  3. ~ Year 10 or below is the equivalent of lower secondary education; Year 12 or below is the equivalent of upper secondary education; Diploma & Certificate is the equivalent of post secondary non tertiary education; and degree or higher is the equivalent of tertiary qualifications [21].
  4. ¥ Waist circumference risk: no risk is ≤80 cm for women and ≤94 cm for men; increased risk is between 81 and 88 cm for women, and between 95 and 102 cm for men; greatly increased risk >88 cm for women and >102 cm for men [27].
  5. *** Recommended Physical Activity: ≥5 sessions per week walking or ≥5 session per week of moderate activity, or 3–4 sessions per week walking and 1–2 sessions per week of moderate activity, or ≥1-2 sessions per week walking and 3–4 sessions per week of moderate activity [29].
  6. * p-value <0.05; ** p-value <0.001.