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Table 2 Predictors of smoking initiation at 12-month follow-up, Vallejo, CA

From: Racial differences in cigarette brand recognition and impact on youth smoking

  Brand-specific predictor
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  Camel (menthol) (n = 1,123) Marlboro (nonmenthol) (n = 1,125) Newport (menthol) (n = 1,131)
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Retail tobacco marketing exposure
  Recognition of brand in column 0.94 (0.68, 1.31) 1.19 (0.84, 1.66) 1.49* (1.04, 2.15)
  Shopping frequency 1.16 (0.98, 1.39) 1.17 (0.98, 1.39) 1.12 (0.94, 1.34)
Socio-demographics
  Male 1.10 (0.79, 1.54) 1.11 (0.80, 1.54) 1.11 (0.80, 1.55)
  Race (African American) 1.59* (1.10, 2.31) 1.62* (1.11, 2.35) 1.46 (0.99, 2.15)
  Ethnicity (Hispanic) 1.61** (1.14, 2.27) 1.58** (1.12, 2.24) 1.61** (1.14, 2.28)
  Grade level 0.91 (0.74, 1.12) 0.91 (0.74, 1.12) 0.92 (0.74, 1.13)
  Baseline year 1.07 (0.73, 1.56) 1.07 (0.73, 1.57) 1.09 (0.75, 1.60)
Other risk factors for smoking
  Grade-point average 0.92 (0.78, 1.07) 0.91 (0.78, 1.06) 0.91 (0.78, 1.07)
  Unsupervised days after school 1.01 (0.93, 1.09) 1.01 (0.93, 1.09) 1.01 (0.93, 1.09)
  Risk-taking propensity 1.35** (1.13, 1.62) 1.33** (1.11, 1.60) 1.35** (1.12, 1.62)
  At least 1 smoker at home 1.60** (1.12, 2.22) 1.58** (1.14, 2.20) 1.51* (1.08, 2.11)
  At least 1 friend smokes 1.46* (1.03, 2.08) 1.44* (1.01, 2.05) 1.36 (0.95, 1.94)
Intercept 0.26 (0.04, 1.51) 0.23 (0.04, 1.42) 0.21 (0.03, 1.28)
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01.