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Table 2 Prevalence of chronic health conditions and association with known diabetes mellitus among German adults aged 50 years and older (N = 9133)

From: Prevalence and comorbidity of diabetes mellitus among non-institutionalized older adults in Germany - results of the national telephone health interview survey ‘German Health Update (GEDA)’ 2009

Health conditions Diabetics (N = 1035) Non-Diabetics (N = 8098) Model 1 Model 2
Prevalence (%) Prevalence (% ) OR1 95% CI OR2 95% CI
Diabetes-concordant conditions (No. 1–8) 89.8*** 60.4 4.99*** 3.76-6.62 3.71*** 2.76-4.99
1 Hypertension 73.5*** 40.8 3.60*** 2.95-4.40 2.57*** 2.08-3.18
2 Hyperlipidemia 52.8*** 32.4 2.21*** 1.84-2.64 2.00*** 1.65-2.43
  Cardiometabolic risk factors (No .1-2) 86.3*** 56.5 4.33*** 3.38-5.55 3.20*** 2.47-4.15
3 Angina pectoris 28.5*** 11.6 2.54*** 2.03-3.18 2.28*** 1.79-2.90
4 Myocardial infarction 14.0*** 5.3 2.50*** 1.86-3.37 2.30*** 1.66-3.19
  Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) (No. 3–4) 31.0*** 13.0 2.52*** 2.03-3.13 2.24*** 1.77-2.84
5 Congestive heart failure 10.9*** 4.9 1.97*** 1.43-2.71 1.81*** 1.28-2.57
  Diseases of the heart (No.3-5) 34.0*** 15.2 2.38*** 1.93-2.94 2.11*** 1.68-2.65
6 Stroke 7.9*** 3.8 1.80** 1.25-2.59 1.69* 1.13-2.54
  Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) (No. 3–6) 37.2*** 17.3 2.35*** 1.91-2.87 2.10*** 1.69-2.62
7 Chronic renal disease 8.3*** 1.8 4.33*** 2.79-6.72 3.72*** 2.30-6.03
8 Severe visual impairment 6.0* 4.1 1.23 0.85-1.78 1.16 0.79-1.71
      -   -
Diabetes-discordant conditions (No. 9–20) 68.5*** 58.3 1.40*** 1.16-1.69 1.23* 1.00-1.50
9 Asthma 8.9** 5.9 1.47* 1.07-2.02 1.28 0.90-1.80
10 Chronic bronchitis 10.8** 7.0 1.50** 1.12-2.01 1.30 0.96-1.78
  Lower respiratory diseases (No.9-10) 14.4*** 9.6 1.48** 1.15-1.91 1.30 0.99-1.71
11 Gastritis/duodenitis 6.3 4.6 1.52* 1.07-2.17 1.51* 1.05-2.16
12 Gastricduodenal ulcers 1.9* 0.7 2.57* 1.21-5.48 2.26* 1.10-4.63
  Digestive disorders (No. 11–12) 7.3* 5.0 1.60** 1.13-2.25 1.58* 1.12-2.24
13 Osteoarthritis 42.3*** 31.4 1.50*** 1.25-1.81 1.27* 1.04-1.54
14 Rheumatoid arthritis 14.1*** 7.4 2.01*** 1.52-2.65 1.65*** 1.22-2.23
15 Osteoporosis 12.6 9.9 1.13 0.85-1.51 1.10 0.81-1.49
16 Chronic back pain 34.5*** 26.0 1.45*** 1.20-1.75 1.20 0.98-1.46
  Musculoskeletal diseases (No.13-16) 56.5*** 46.5 1.39*** 1.16-1.67 1.19 0.98-1.44
17 Chronic liver disease 5.7*** 1.8 3.30*** 2.10-5.18 2.72*** 1.76-4.19
18 Cancer (any malignancy) 16.8*** 11.4 1.37* 1.07-1.77 1.43** 1.10-1.85
19 Depression 8.6 7.0 1.44* 1.06-1.95 1.24 0.90-1.70
20 Severe hearing impairment 5.5 5.2 0.86 0.57-1.29 0.72 0.47-1.11
  1. National Telephone Health Interview Survey ‘German Health Update (GEDA)’ 2009.
  2. * p < .05, ** p < .01, *** p < .001, Rao-Scott chi-square test for independence of the associations between diabetes and other chronic conditions.
  3. OR1: adjusted for age (continuous variable) and sex.
  4. OR2: adjusted for age (continuous variable), sex, region of residence, body mass index, smoking status, sports activities and educational attainment. * p < .05; ** p < .01, *** p < .001.
  5. CHD: coronary heart disease; CVD: cardiovascular disease; OR: Odds ratio; 95% CI: 95% confidence intervals.