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Table 2 Prevalence of intestinal parasites among study subjects in lowland and highland dwellers in Gamo area

From: Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among highland and lowland dwellers in Gamo area, South Ethiopia

Parasites Study sites Total (n = 858) No (%) χ 2 P-value
Lowland Highland
Lante (n = 190) Shelle (n = 269) Total (n = 459) Dorze (n = 123) Geressie (n = 276) Total (n = 399)
No (%) No (%) No (%) No (%) No (%) No (%)
E. histolytica/dispar 9 (4.7) 19(7.1) 28 (6.1) 1 (0.8) 69 (25.0) 70 (17.5) 98 (11.4) 27.63 < 0.001*
G. lamblia 28 (14.7) 46 (17.1) 74 (16.1) 2 (1.6) 15 (5.4) 17 (4.3) 91 (10.6) 31.67 <0.001*
A. lumbricoides 2 (1.1) 1 (0.4) 3 (0.6) 27 (21.9) 37 (13.4) 64 (16.0) 67 (7.8) 70.19 <0.001*
H. nana 2 (1.1) 3 (1.1) 5 (1.1) 1 (0.8) 1 (0.4) 2 (0.5) 7 (0.6) 0.91 0.344
Hookworm 14 (7.4) 19 (7.0) 33 (7.2) 1 (0.8) 8 (2.9) 9 (2.2) 42 (4.9) 9.83 0.002*
S. mansoni 1 (0.5) ---- 1 (0.2) ---- ---- ----- 1 (0.12) -- ---
S. stercoralis 17 (8.9) 34 (12.6) 51 (11.1) ---- ---- ----- 51 (5.9) -- ---
Taenia spp 4 (2.1) 9 (3.3) 13 (2.8) 4 (3.3) 1 (0.4) 5 (1.2) 18 (2.1) 2.59 0.107
T. trichiura ---- 1 (0.4) 1 (0.2) 21 (17.0) 2 (0.7) 23 (5.8) 24 (2.8) 24.21 <0.001*
  1. Key: χ 2 and P-value values represent lowland and highland comparison.
  2. * Represent statistically significant difference (P < 0.05).