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Table 3 Comparison between EP participants and non-EP participants smokers

From: Efficacy of a smoking cessation program in a population of adolescent smokers in vocational schools: a public health evaluative controlled study

  Non EP participants EP participants  
N=316 (81.9%) N=70 (18.1%)  
N % μ SD* N % μ SD* p**
Sociodemographic variables
Age 299   16,9 1,0 66   17,1 1,0 0,18
Sex 0,02
  Male 248 78,2    63 90,0    
  Female 69 21,8    7 10,0    
Area of learning 0,01
  BPW£ 195 62,3    56 81,2    
  Catering industry 61 19,5    6 8,7    
  Personal services 57 18,2    7 10,1    
Cannabis consumption 160 52,3    43 63,2    0,10
Smoking behaviour
Age at first cigarette 284   12,1 2,0 60   12,0 2,1 0,68
Age at which smoking became a daily occurrence 262   13,7 1,6 60   13,7 1,7 0,97
Current number of cigarettes/day 294   12,9 8,8 69   13,7 6,6 0,51
Motivation for quitting smoking (scale: 0 to 10) 147   3,1 2,9 24   4,0 3,9 0,19
Chances of succeeding (scale: 0 to 10) 146   4,2 3,2 24   5,0 2,7 0,27
HONC score 283   6,2 2,8 66   7,1 2,5 0,02
Type of smoking behaviour          0,03
  Daily 127 85,8    24 100    
  Casual 21 14,2        
Heavy smokers (>10 cig/d)   46,2    40 58,8    0,06
Number of attempts to quit smoking 0.50
  Never 97 42,9    9 23,1    
  Once 65 28,8    12 30,8    
  2 to 3 times 53 23,5    17 43,6    
  4 to 5 times 7 3,1    1 2,6    
  More than 5 times 4 1,8        
Physician consultations about quitting smoking 2 1,3    1 4,2    0,32
Use of a nicotine substitute to quit smoking 8 5,4    3 12,5    0,19
Intention to quit smoking within the next six months 58 26,5    21 55,6    0,04
  1. * Standard Deviation ** Chi-2 for qualitative variables, Student’s t test for quantitative variables.