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Table 3 Permanent disability risks of depression and anxiety patients

From: Depression- and anxiety-related sick leave and the risk of permanent disability and mortality in the working population in Germany: a cohort study

Gender Illness Type of management Hazard ratio Confidence interval Significance
Men Anxiety Outpatient only 1.178 0.937, 1.481 P = 0.161
   Inpatient 1.285 0.729, 2.266 P = 0.386
  Depression Outpatient only 1.698 1.410, 2.044 P < 0.001
   Inpatient 3.775 2.845, 5.009 P < 0.001
  Both Outpatient only 2.592* 1.970, 3.410 P < 0.001
   Inpatient 4.134 3.012, 5.674 P < 0.001
Women Anxiety Outpatient only 1.299 1.062, 1.589 P = 0.011
   Inpatient 1.271 0.764, 2.114 P = 0.356
  Depression Outpatient only 1.310 1.087, 1.579 P = 0.005
   Inpatient 2.464 1.705, 3.560 P < 0.001
  Both Outpatient only 1.419* 1.044, 1.930 P = 0.026
   Inpatient 2.957 2.082, 4.201 P < 0.001
Men & women Anxiety Outpatient only 1.246 1.071, 1.450 P = 0.004
   Inpatient 1.262 0.864, 1.843 P = 0.228
  Depression Outpatient only 1.484 1.301, 1.693 P < 0.001
   Inpatient 3.130 2.501, 3.917 P < 0.001
  Both Outpatient only 1.911* 1.557, 2.346 P < 0.001
   Inpatient 3.540 2.798, 4.479 P < 0.001
  1. * Denotes significant interaction by sex at 5% level.
  2. Bold type of results denotes statistical significance at 5% level.