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Table 2 Total adolescents, boys, and girls reporting problems in pain dimension (EQ-5D), before and 1 year after screening-detected celiac disease diagnosis, compared to referents without celiac disease

From: Health-related quality of life in adolescents with screening-detected celiac disease, before and one year after diagnosis and initiation of gluten-free diet, a prospective nested case-referent study

Groups at Baseline and Follow-up Screening-detected CD (cases) Non CD (referents) Odds Ratios (95% CI)a
  n (%) with problems n (%) with problems Bivariate LRb Multivariate LRc
Total n = 103 n = 483   
Baseline 21 (20.4) 95 (19.7) 0.96 (0.56-1.62) 1.18 (0.69-2.02)
Follow-up 13 (12.6) 106 (21.9) 0.51 (0.28-0.96) 0.50 (0.27-0.94)
Boys n = 47 n = 208   
Baseline 13 (27.7) 41 (19.7) 1.56 (0.76-3.22) 1.90 (0.90-4.03)
Follow-up 2 (4.3) 39 (18.8) 0.19 (0.05-0.83) 0.17 (0.04-0.73)
Girls n = 56 n = 275   
Baseline 8 (14.3) 54 (19.6) 0.68 (0.31-1.53) 0.72 (0.32-1.62)
Follow-up 11 (19.6) 67 (24.4) 0.76 (0.37-1.55) 0.81 (0.39-1.67)
  1. a Odds ratio (95% confidence interval).
  2. b Bivariate logistic regression using case/referent and problems reported.
  3. c Multivariate logistic regression using case/referent and problems reported at baseline and problems reported at follow-up.