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Table 3 Physical activity barriers for colonias children reported by mother-child dyads: Examining differences by birth country

From: Understanding contextual barriers, supports, and opportunities for physical activity among Mexican-origin children in Texas border colonias: A descriptive study

Barriers Birth Country
Mexico (n=25) U.S. (n=69)
Child Mother Child Mother
Transportation* Ch 40.0% 24.0% 20.3% 33.3%
Dogs in street 72.0% 80.0% 75.4% 79.7%
Lack of energy* Ch 12.0% 12.0% 42.0% 15.9%
Traffic 44.0% 36.0% 43.5% 42.0%
Crime 20.0% 12.0% 11.6% 30.4%
No motivation 28.0% 16.0% 42.0% 13.0%
No place like a park 36.0% 44.0% 43.5% 36.2%
No one to do PA with 32.0% 24.0% 23.2% 14.5%
Immigration status* M 0.0% 8.0% 1.4% 0.0%
Kidnappings* M 20.0% 0.0% 14.5% 31.9%
Time 24.0% 20.0% 33.3% 27.5%
Small children at home 4.0% 4.0% 0.0% 2.9%
No adequate clothing 32.0% 44.0% 21.7% 42.0%
Can’t leave house alone 0.0% 0.0% 1.4% 4.3%
No sidewalks 40.0% 44.0% 26.1% 50.7%
Trash 20.0% 20.0% 10.1% 21.7%
No place to do PA 40.0% 44.0% 31.9% 31.9%
No fenced area 40.0% 44.0% 33.3% 36.2%
No streetlights 44.0% 44.0% 44.9% 59.4%
Chickens/hens 4.0% 0.0% 1.4% 4.3%
Gang activity 32.0% 36.0% 20.3% 29.0%
Cows or goats 4.0% 0.0% 1.4% 1.4%
Afraid child will get hurt 20.0% 20.0% 20.3% 20.3%
No friends/family encourage PA 24.0% 8.0% 20.3% 5.8%
PA is not fun 16.0% 4.0% 14.5% 1.4%
Asthma 0.0% 4.0% 8.7% 8.7%
Too hot 56.0% 40.0% 55.1% 55.1%
Bad weather 52.0% 40.0% 50.7% 47.8%
  1. Notes. Bold = statistically significant (p≤.05) difference between birth countries; * Ch = statistically significant difference in barrier for child report; * M = statistically significant difference in barrier for mother report; PA= physical activity, exercise, sport.