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Table 2 Physical activity barriers for colonias children reported by mother-child dyads: Examining gender differences

From: Understanding contextual barriers, supports, and opportunities for physical activity among Mexican-origin children in Texas border colonias: A descriptive study

Barriers Entire Sample Gender
(n=94) Boys (n=39) Girls (n=55)
Child Mother Child Mother Child Mother
Transportation 25.5% 30.9% 23.1% 33.3% 27.3% 29.1%
Dogs in street* Ch 74.5% 79.8% 64.1% 79.5% 81.8% 80.0%
Lack of energy 34.0% 14.9% 35.9% 15.4% 32.7% 14.5%
Traffic 43.6% 40.4% 41.0% 35.9% 45.5% 43.6%
Crime 13.8% 25.5% 12.8% 23.1% 14.5% 27.3%
No motivation 38.3% 13.8% 48.7% 15.4% 30.9% 12.7%
No place like a park 41.5% 38.3% 35.9% 38.5% 45.5% 38.2%
No one to do PA with 25.5% 17.0% 28.2% 23.1% 23.6% 12.7%
Immigration status 1.1% 2.1% 0.0% 5.1% 1.8% 0.0%
Kidnappings 16.0% 23.4% 15.4% 20.5% 16.4% 25.5%
Time* M 30.9% 25.5% 33.3% 38.5% 29.1% 16.4%
Small children at home 1.1% 3.2% 2.6% 0.0% 0.0% 5.5%
No adequate clothing 24.5% 42.6% 28.2% 38.5% 21.8% 45.5%
Can’t leave house alone 1.1% 3.2% 0.0% 0.0% 1.8% 5.5%
No sidewalks 29.8% 48.9% 38.5% 43.6% 23.6% 52.7%
Trash 12.8% 21.3% 17.9% 28.2% 9.1% 16.4%
No place to do PA 34.0% 35.1% 33.3% 35.9% 34.5% 34.5%
No fenced area 35.1% 38.3% 28.2% 41.0% 40.0% 36.4%
No streetlights 44.7% 55.3% 46.2% 53.8% 43.6% 56.4%
Chickens/hens 2.1% 3.2% 2.6% 5.1% 1.8% 1.8%
Gang activity 23.4% 30.9% 28.2% 33.3% 20.0% 29.1%
Cows or goats 2.1% 1.1% 0.0% 2.6% 3.6% 0.0%
Afraid child will get hurt 20.2% 20.2% 20.5% 25.6% 20.0% 16.4%
No friends/family encourage PA 21.3% 6.4% 23.1% 10.3% 20.0% 3.6%
PA is not fun 14.9% 2.1% 20.5% 5.1% 10.9% 0.0%
Asthma 6.4% 7.4% 5.1% 7.7% 7.3% 7.3%
Too hot 55.3% 51.1% 61.5% 51.3% 50.9% 50.9%
Bad weather 51.1% 45.7% 59.0% 41.0% 45.5% 49.1%
  1. Notes. Bold = statistically significant (p≤.05) difference between genders; * Ch = statistically significant difference in barrier for child report; * M = statistically significant difference in barrier for mother report; PA= physical activity, exercise, sport.