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Table 2 Univariate analysis comparing good-adherent to poor-adherent patients, Lifou, New Caledonia, 2011

From: Determinants of poor adherence to secondary antibiotic prophylaxis for rheumatic fever recurrence on Lifou, New Caledonia: a retrospective cohort study

Characteristics Good-adherent patientsn/N (%) Poor-adherent patientsn/N (%) P value*
Demographic and socio-economic characteristics    
Age <16 years old    0.092
 No 18/38 (47) 22/32 (69)  
 Yes 20/38 (53) 10/32 (31)  
Male sex    0.215
 No 21/38 (55) 23/32 (72)  
 Yes 17/38 (45) 9/32 (28)  
Concrete dwelling    0.466
 No 25/38 (66) 18/32 (56)  
 Yes 13/38 (34) 14/32 (44)  
Number of persons in the household ≥ 6    0.054
 No 13/38 (24) 19/32 (59)  
 Yes 25/38 (66) 13/32 (41)  
Other case(s) of ARF in the household    0.320
 No 30/37 (81) 29/32 (91)  
 Yes 7/37 (19) 3/32 (9)  
Household income <150 000 CFP (1,600 USD)/month    1
 No 14/38 (37) 10/29 (34)  
 Yes 24/38 (63) 19/29 (66)  
Health care team and system-related characteristics   
Follow up of ARF/RHD in a health center    1
 No 3/38 (8) 2/32 (6)  
 Yes 35/38 (92) 30/32 (94)  
Follow up of ARF/RHD in the health center of Xépénéhé    0.140
 No 13/35 (37) 17/30 (57)  
 Yes 22/35 (63) 13/30 (43)  
Distance between the residence and the nearest health center >5 km    0.116
 No 14/38 (37) 6/32 (19)  
 Yes 24/37 (63) 26/32 (81)  
Duration for an injection >3 h §    0.257
 No 23/29 (79) 24/26 (92)  
 Yes 6/29 (21) 2/26 (8)  
BPG injections’ recall system    0.042
 No 37/37 (100) 28/32 (88)  
 Yes 0/37 (0) 4/32 (12)  
Adequate healthcare coverage    0.070
 No 8/37 (22) 14/32 (44)  
 Yes 29/37 (78) 18/32 (56)  
Condition-related characteristics    
Previous history of ARF    0.121
 No 10/38 (26) 3/32 (9)  
 Yes 28/38 (74) 29/32 (91)  
Previous history of RHD    1
 No 9/38 (24) 7/32 (22)  
 Yes 29/38 (76) 25/32 (78)  
Severe RHD at diagnosis**    1
 No 25/29 (86) 19/22 (86)  
 Yes 4/29 (14) 3/22 (14)  
Hospitalization at diagnosis of ARF or RHD    0.813
 No 18/36 (50) 17/32 (53)  
 Yes 18/36 (50) 15/32 (47)  
Therapy-related characteristics    
Treatment duration >2 years    0.743
 No 5/37 (14) 6/32 (19)  
 Yes 32/37 (86) 26/32 (81)  
Severe pain from BPG injection    0.130
 No 36/38 (95) 26/32 (81)  
 Yes 2/38 (5) 6/32 (19)  
Desire for oral treatment    1
 No 32/38 (84) 24/28 (86)  
 Yes 6/38 (16) 4/28 (14)  
Confidence in treatment    0.316
 No 1/36 (3) 3/29 (10)  
 Yes 35/36 (97) 26/29 (90)  
Patient-related characteristics    
Protestant religion    0.602
 No 10/38 (26) 11/32 (34)  
 Yes 28/38 (74) 21/32 (66)  
Knowledge of treatment’s objectives    1
 No 2/32 (6) 2/27 (7)  
 Yes 30/32 (94) 25/27 (93)  
  1. CI denotes confidence interval, ARF denotes acute rheumatic fever and RHD denotes rheumatic heart disease.
  2. *P values were calculated with the use of Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables and Student’s test for continue variables.
  3. § The duration includes transport from home to health center, way and back. Patients having injections at home were excluded.
  4. ¶ Declarative information.
  5. ** The classification of severity was obtained by echocardiography medical records.