Skip to main content


Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Figure 1 | BMC Public Health

Figure 1

From: Exposure to tobacco smoke based on urinary cotinine levels among Israeli smoking and nonsmoking adults: a cross-sectional analysis of the first Israeli human biomonitoring study

Figure 1

Distribution of urinary cotinine concentrations in Israeli smokers (n = 91) and non-smokers* (n = 153), Israel human biomonitoring study, 2011. Limit of quantification appears as dashed line. *Five nonsmoker participants with creatinine-adjusted cotinine concentrations >150 μg/g were excluded from further analysis.

Back to article page