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Table 5 Associations between traumatic episodes and socio-demographic and psychosocial factors for men and women in the period 1994 ± 1year, presented as crude odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (Crude OR; CI 95%)

From: Traumatic episodes experienced during the genocide period in Rwanda influence life circumstances in young men and women 17 years later

Variables Men Women
Respondent characteristicS n (%) OR (95% CI) n (%) OR (95% CI)
Age groups     
20 - 29 97 (33.2) 1 94 (33.2) 1
30 - 35 68 (46.6) 1.76 (1.17 – 2.63) 75 (40.1) 1.35 (0.92 – 1.98)
Marital status     
Married or cohabiting 95 (40.3) 1 135 (39.5) 1
Single, separated or divorced 69 (34.0) 0.76 (0.52 – 1.13) 34 (26.0) 0.54 (0.34 – 0.84)
Number of children     
Have children 97 (42.5) 1 145 (38.2) 1
Have no children 67 (31.8) 1.59 (1.08 – 2.36) 24 (25.0) 1.86 (1.11 – 3.08)
Ever attended school     
Attended school 149 (40.4) 1 137 (34.9) 1
Never attended school 15 (21.7) 0.41 (0.22 – 0.76) 32 (38.1) 1.15 (0.70 – 1.88)
Level of education     
Completed primary, vocational training, secondary school and university level 68 (43.6) 1 61 (42.4) 1
Incomplete primary & no school 96 (34.5) 1.47 (0.98 – 2.19) 107 (32.3) 1.54 (1.03 – 2.30)
Employment status     
Employed 33 (37.5) 1 24 (52.2) 1
Not employed 131 (37.6) 0.99 (0.61 – 1.61) 145 (33.6) 2.15 (1.17 – 3.97)
Personal Income     
>17500 (greater than) 139 (36.4) 1 150 (33.7) 1
< 17500 RF (less than) 26 (47.3) 1.56 (0.89 – 2.77) 17 (56.7) 2.57 (1.22 – 5.44)
Source of income     
Salary, pension, disability grant or others 33 (35.9) 1 20 (46.5) 1
No income 131 (37.8) 1.08 (0.67 – 1.75) 140 (33.3) 0.57 (0.30 – 1.08)
Social support     
Improved 65 (35.5) 1 46 (37.1) 1
Poor 100 (38.9) 1.16 (0.78 – 1.71) 123 (34.8) 0.91 (0.59 – 1.39)
Household characteristics     
Household monthly income     
Household income > =17500 RF/month 33 (38.4 1 44 (42.7) 1
Household income < 17500 RF 126 (37.8) 0.98 (0.60 – 1.59) 123 (34.1) 0.69 (0.44 – 1.09)
Living standards     
Improved; At least one improvement 150 (41.0) 1 106 (34.6) 1
Poor; No improvements out of five 15 (20.3) 0.37 (0.20 – 0.67) 63 (36.6) 1.09 (0.74 – 1.60)
Assets in the household     
Improved; at least one of the items 117 (36.2) 1 118 (35.6) 1
Poor; Have none of the items 48 (41.0) 1.23 (0.80 – 1.89) 51 (34.9) 0.97 (0.64 – 1.46)