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Table 5 Descriptives of the geographical comparisons group

From: Understanding the role of welfare state characteristics for health and inequalities – an analytical review

Descriptive measure N (author)
Data used  
  - SHARE 2 (Ploubidis*, Avendano*)
  - OECD, WHO, UN 1 (Granados)
  - Register data 1 (Hoffmann*)
  - Census 1 (Olafsdottir*)
  - Interview survey 1 (Kunst*)
Health outcome  
  - Self-rated health 4 (Olafsdottir*, Kunst*, Ploubidis*, Avendano*)
  - Longstanding limiting illness 1 (Avendano*)
  - ≥1 chronic disease. 1 (Avendano*)
  - ≥1 activity limitation. 1 (Avendano*)
  - Depressive symptoms/depression 1 (Avendano*)
  - Infant mortality 1 (Granados)
  - Life expectancy 1 (Granados)
  - Age specific death rate 1 (Granados)
  - Mortality rate 1 (Hoffmann*)
Health outcome  
  - Morbidity 8
  - Mortality 4
Measures inequality (total) 5 (Olafsdottir*, Kunst*, Ploubidis*, Avendano*, Hoffmann*)
  - SEP (social class) 3 (Olafsdottir*, Kunst*, Hoffmann*)
  - Education 1 (Avendano*)
  - Gini coefficient 1 (Ploubidis*)
  1. Many articles examined multiple outcomes and hence the number of studies using the different health outcomes (12) is greater than the number of studies (n = 6).
  2. Mortality measures include: life expectancy, infant mortality, mortality rate, age specific death rate.
  3. Morbidity measures include: self-rated health, limiting longstanding illness/morbidity/disability, depression/depressive symptoms, ≥1 chronic disease, ≥1 activity limitation.
  4. * = Studies with an inequalities perspective.