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Table 4 Descriptives of Huber & colleagues group

From: Understanding the role of welfare state characteristics for health and inequalities – an analytical review

Descriptive measure N (author)
Data used  
  - OECD, WHO, UN 3 (Navarro*, Chung & Muntaner, Borrell*)
  - SHARE 1 (Espelt*)
  - ESS 1 (Olsen & Dahl)
  - EUROTHINE 1 (Borrell*)
  - LIS 1 (Borrell*)
Health outcome  
  - Self-rated health 3 (Olsen & Dahl, Espelt*, Borrell*)
  - Life expectancy 2 (Navarro*, Chung & Muntaner)
  - Infant mortality 1 (Navarro*)
  - Low birth weight 1 (Chung & Muntaner)
  - Longstanding limiting illness 1 (Espelt*)
Health outcome  
  - Morbidity 6
  - Mortality 3
Measures inequality (total) 3 (Navarro*, Espelt*, Borrell*)
  - SEP (social class) 1 (Espelt*)
  - Education 1 (Borrell*)
  - Income distribution (Theil index) 1 (Navarro*)
  1. Many articles examined multiple outcomes and hence the number of studies using the different health outcomes (9) is greater than the number of studies (n = 5).
  2. Mortality measures include: life expectancy, infant mortality.
  3. Morbidity measures include: self-rated health, limiting longstanding illness/morbidity/disability, low birth weight.
  4. * = Studies with an inequalities perspective.