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Table 3 Descriptives of the Ferrera group

From: Understanding the role of welfare state characteristics for health and inequalities – an analytical review

Descriptive measure N (author)
Data used  
  - ESS 6 (Bambra et al.*, Bambra & Eikemo*, Eikemo et al.*, Eikemo et al.*, Eikemo et al., Huijts)
  - OECD, WHO, UN 3 (Richter*, Chuang et al., Karim et al.)
  - SHARE 1 (Dragano)
  - Human mortality database 1 (Popham*)
  - EUROTHINE 1 (Bambra et al.*)
  - Longitudinal data 1 (Dragano)
  - EU-SILC 1 (Van der Wel*)
Health outcome  
  - Self-rated health 8 (Bambra et al.*, Bambra et al.*, Bambra & Eikemo*, Eikemo et al.*, Eikemo et al.*, Eikemo et al., Richter*, Huijts)
  - Longstanding limiting illness 5 (Bambra et al.*, Bambra & Eikemo*, Eikemo et al.*, Eikemo et al.*, van der Wel*)
  - Infant mortality 3 (Chuang et al., Karim et al., Popham*)
  - Life expectancy 3 (Chuang et al., Karim et al., Popham*)
  - Depressive symptoms/depression 1 (Dragano)
  - Psychosocial quality of work 1 (Dragano)
  - Health complaints 1 (Richter*)
Health outcome  
  - Morbidity 16
  - Mortality 6
Measures inequality (total) 8 (Bambra et al.*, Bambra et al.*, Bambra & Eikemo*, Eikemo et al.*, Eikemo et al.*, Richter*, van der Wel*, Popham*)
  - Education 4 (Van der Wel*, Eikemo*, Bambra et al.*, Bambra et al.*)
  - SEP (social class) 1 (Richter*)
  - Income 1 (Eikemo*)
  - Employment status 1 (Bambra & Eikemo*)
  - Popham measure (total inequality) 1 (Popham*)
  1. Many articles examined multiple outcomes and hence the number of studies using the different health outcomes (22) is greater than the number of studies (n = 13).
  2. Mortality measures include: life expectancy, infant mortality.
  3. Morbidity measures include: self-rated health, limiting longstanding illness/morbidity/disability, depression/depressive symptoms, psychosocial quality of work, health complaints.
  4. * = Studies with an inequalities perspective.