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Table 3 Socioeconomic factors and type 2 diabetes among 45 and up study participants

From: Independent roles of country of birth and socioeconomic status in the occurrence of type 2 diabetes

  Diabetes  
Socioeconomic factor No Yes OR (1)* 95% CI OR (2) 95% CI OR (3) 95% CI
  N % N %       
Educational qualification           
University and higher 56,919 94.2 3,538 5.8 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
Trade, apprenticeship 76,569 91.6 6,984 8.4 1.27 1.21-1.32 1.32 1.26-1.38 1.17 1.11-1.22
School intermediate 75,773 90.7 7,790 9.3 1.13 1.08-1.18 1.19 1.14-1.25 1.79 1.03-1.13
No formal qualification 26,387 86.0 4,278 14.0 1.63 1.55-1.72 1.71 1.62-1.80 1.36 1.30-1.46
Annual household income           
>$AU50,000 84,763 94.9 4,548 5.1 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
$AU20,000-<$AU50,000 59,117 91.1 5,801 8.9 1.37 1.31-1.43 1.34 1.28-1.40 1.32 1.26-1.38
<$AU20,000 44,001 85.5 7,472 14.5 2.05 1.95-2.14 1.95 1.86-2.05 1.79 1.70-1.88
Did not disclose 39,140 90.7 4,005 9.3 1.46 1.39-1.54 1.42 1.35-1.49 1.36 1.29-1.43
Work status           
In paid work 77,525 95.0 4,051 5.0 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
Retired 82,569 87.7 11,565 12.3 1.22 1.16-1.29 1.26 1.20-1.33 1.25 1.18-1.32
Other 77,252 91.5 7,203 8.5 1.17 1.12-1.23 1.20 1.14-1.25 1.21 1.15-1.26
  1. *OR(1): adjusted for age and sex.
  2. OR(2): adjusted for age, sex, country of birth, work status, household income, educational qualification.
  3. OR(3): adjusted for age, sex, country of birth, work status, household income, educational qualification, BMI, smoking, sessions of physical activity.