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Table 5 Doctors visits and healthcare expenditure based on number of NCD risk factors (mean; 95% CI)

From: Clustering of risk factors for non-communicable disease and healthcare expenditure in employees with private health insurance presenting for health risk appraisal: a cross-sectional study

  <2 risk factors ≥ 2 risk factors p-value
Doctors visits (number in previous 12 months) 2.5 (2.33; 2.66) 3.11 (2.96; 3.26) <0.001
Healthcare Expenditure ZAR (related to Dr’s visits) 502.2 (465.6; 538.8) 616.6 (577.3; 655.9) <0.001
  1. Legend: ZAR – South African Rands.
  2. <2 represents those with less than two risk factors for non-communicable disease.
  3. ≥2 represents having two or more risk factors for non-communicable disease.