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Table 5 Multivariate analysis of factors associated with participants who worry about their behaviour and who thought their behaviour unhealthy, by risk factor, Australia, 2010

From: A survey to assist in targeting the adults who undertake risky behaviours, know their health behaviours are not optimal and who acknowledge being worried about their health

  BMI F & V PA Smoking Short term alcohol risk High Psychological distress
Number of people in each behaviour/worry group 612/971 564/765 849/1633 421/1306 272/1022 295/1728
% in each behaviour/worry group (95% CI) 63.0 (60.0–66.0) 73.7 (70.5–76.7) 51.9 (49.5–54.4) 32.2 (29.7–34.8) 26.7 (24.0–29.5) 17.1 (15.4–18.9)
Sex       
Male      1.00  
Female      1.41 (0.04)  
Age       
65+ years 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
55 to 64 years 1.82 (0.02) 2.04 (0.13) 1.28 (0.29) 2.80 (<0.01) 1.35 (0.39) 1.61 (0.17)
45 to 54 years 2.21 (<0.01) 3.30 (0.01) 1.30 (0.25) 3.94 (<0.01) 2.44 (0.01) 2.15 (0.03)
35 to 44 years 1.48 (0.12) 2.23 (0.07) 1.74 (0.02) 6.18 (<0.01) 1.71 (0.13) 2.17 (0.03)
18 to 34 years 1.47 (0.13) 1.88 (0.15) 1.35 (0.19) 8.60 (<0.01) 1.80 (0.06) 3.91 (<0.01)
Marital status       
Never Married 1.00 1.00 1.00    1.00
Married/living with a partner 1.64 (0.01)↑ 0.89 (0.63) 0.66 (0.01)    0.65 (0.04)
Separated/divorced 1.02 (0.95) 0.43 (0.02) 0.80 (0.41)    0.98 (0.96)
Widowed 1.37 (0.40) 1.10 (0.88) 0.89 (0.7)    0.61 (0.29)
Education       
No schooling to secondary   1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00  
Trade, certificate, diploma   1.09 (0.69) 1.23 (0.12) 0.68 (0.02) 0.61 (0.01)  
Degree or higher   2.06 (0.01) 1.53 (<0.01) 0.73 (0.10) 0.93 (0.70)  
Work status       
Full time employed 1.00   1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Part time employed 0.87 (0.38)   1.15 (0.33) 0.84 (0.32) 0.78 (0.30) 1.18 (0.46)
Unemployed 0.32 (0.01)   2.86 (<0.01) 0.83 (0.62) 3.33 (0.01) 1.12 (0.74)
Economically inactive 1.06 (0.71)   1.24 (0.15) 0.60 (0.01) 1.48 (0.05) 1.80 (<0.01)
Dwelling       
Owned or being purchased    1.00 1.00   1.00
Rented from Government Housing    0.36 (0.01) 2.32 (0.01)   3.08 (<0.01)
Rented Privately    1.19 (0.28) 2.29 (<0.01)   1.02 (0.93)
Community/Retirement Village/ Other    1.54 (0.31) 0.78 (0.72)   5.80 (<0.01)
Country of Birth       
Australia   1.00     
UK/Ireland   0.55 (0.19)     
Other   0.59 (0.03)     
Household annual income       
>$80,000 1.00   1.00    1.00
$40,001-$80,000 1.81 (<0.01)   0.54 (<0.01)    1.60 (0.02)
<$40,000 1.66 (0.01)   0.65 (0.02)    1.07 (0.79)
Not stated 1.85 (<0.01)   0.55 (<0.01)    0.83 (0.45)
Overall quality of life       
Excellent/very good    1.00 1.00   1.00
Good    1.23 (0.09) 1.15 (0.37)   1.44 (0.05)
Fair/poor    1.55 (0.01) 1.97 (<0.01)   2.24 (<0.01)
Had complementary and alternative medicine       
No/don’t know   1.00 1.00    1.00
Yes   1.85 (<0.01) 1.56 (<0.01)    1.49 (0.02)
Life affected by health       
Activities limited/bedridden most of the time 1.00      
No problems /Can work & live normally day to day 1.55 (0.02)      
How often pain stops you doing what you want       
Always   1.00     1.00
Sometimes   1.90 (0.11)     0.53 (0.04)
Not/hardly at all   2.84 (0.01)     0.46 (0.02)
Doctor visits in past year       
None 1.00    1.00   
One to four times 1.65 (0.04)    0.78 (0.31)   
Five to ten times 1.61 (0.07)    0.96 (0.87)   
More than 10 times 1.99 (0.02)    0.34 (<0.01)   
Other health professional visits in past year       
None   1.00   1.00 1.00  
One to four times   1.94 (<0.01)   0.63 (<0.01) 1.72 (<0.01)  
Five to ten times   0.88 (0.68)   0.39 (<0.01) 0.92 (0.75)  
More than 10 times   1.28 (0.52)   0.41 (<0.01) 0.98 (0.93)  
How often have enough energy       
All/most of the time     1.00   1.00
Some of the time     1.47 (0.04)   2.10 (<0.01)
A little/none of the time     0.99 (0.97)   3.39 (<0.01)
How often have to adjust pace because of health       
A little/none of the time    1.00   1.00 1.00
Some of the time    1.35 (0.03)   1.54 (0.03) 1.56 (0.02)
All/most of the time    0.75 (0.11)   2.10 (0.01) 0.49 (0.01)
Do things to reduce stress       
Yes/sometimes   1.00     1.00
No   1.83 (0.01)     1.49 (0.04)
Try and stay connected to people       
Yes/sometimes       1.00
No       2.02 (0.01)
Ever used trial and error       
No/ don’t know/refused 1.00 1.00    1.00  
Yes/sometimes 1.71 (<0.01) 2.23 (0.05)    0.67 (0.03)  
How often do you feel angry about your health       
A little/none of the time   1.00 1.00 1.00   1.00
Some of the time   2.23 (<0.01) 1.28 (0.09) 1.55 (0.02)   2.41 (<0.01)
All/most of the time   1.26 (0.53) 2.12 (<0.01) 2.37 (0.01)   7.12 (<0.01)
Do you care about your health       
A little/none of the time 1.00    1.00   
Some of the time 1.43 (0.21)    2.09 (0.02)   
All/most of the time 1.89 (0.01)    1.11 (0.69)