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Table 3 Logistic regression model estimates of risk factors for khat chewing among youths (Crude & adjusted OR) in Gamo-Gofa, South West Ethiopia, 2012

From: Factors associated with Khat use among youths visiting HIV testing and counseling centers in Gamo Gofa, Southern Ethiopia

Explanatory variable Khat use Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) P-value
  Yes (1) No (0)    
Sex      
Male 84 110 2.5 (1.5, 4.4) 2.9 (1.4, 5.9) 0.004
Female 50 161 1.0 1.0  
Alcohol use      
Yes 110 101 5.1 (3.6, 14.8) 4.7 (2.1, 10.6) <0.001
No 34 160 1.0 1.0  
    1.00   
Education level      
No education 8 51 2.6 (1.2, 5.7) 2.6 (1.1, 6.2) 0.047
Primary education 13 34 1.1 (0.5, 2.1) 0.9 (0.4, 1.9)  
Secondary & above 87 212 1.0 1.0  
Occupation      0.026
Government employed 26 47 0.6 (0.3, 0.9) 1.8 (0.7, 4.4)  
Merchant 11 39 1.1 (0.5, 2.3) 2.2 (1.7, 6.4)  
House wife 7 24 1.1 (0.4, 2.6) 0.9 (0.4, 2.1)  
Daily laborer 18 36 0.6 (0.3, 1.2) 2.1 (1.1, 3.9)  
Student 46 151 1.0 1.0  
    1.00   
Monthly income      
<= 450 Ethiopian currency ( <= $ 25) 36 54 1.0 1.0 0.004
451 – 999 Ethiopian currency ( $ 25.1 - $ 55.5) 58 185 2.1 (1.3, 3.6) 2.4 (1.4, 4.1)  
> = 1000 Ethiopian currency ( > = $ 55.6) 14 58 2.8 (1.3, 6.7) 2.7 (1.3, 5.8)  
Have communication with parents about STI and HIV      0.017
Yes 52 187 1.0 1.0  
No 55 104 1.9 (1.2, 3.0) 2.2 (1.1, 4.1)  
Have communication with parents about khat chewing      
Yes 8 57 1.0 1.0 0.008
No 63 167 2.7 (1.2, 6.0) 2.9 (1.3, 6.5)