Skip to main content

Table 4 Odds ratios for poor self-rated health associated with social capital stratified by sex

From: Group involvement and self-rated health among the Japanese elderly: an examination of bonding and bridging social capital

  Poor health Model 1 Model 2a Model 3b Model 4c
  N (%) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Men          
Social capital          
  None 495 (50.05) 1.00   1.00   1.00    
  Low 270 (32.53) 0.48 (0.40-0.58) 0.70 (0.52-0.94) 0.72 (0.52-0.98)   
  Middle 212 (25.33) 0.34 (0.28-0.41) 0.55 (0.41-0.73) 0.55 (0.40-0.76)   
  H0069gh 353 (19.78) 0.25 (0.21-0.29) 0.41 (0.32-0.53) 0.46 (0.35-0.61)   
Bonding social capital          
  None 1009 (33.00) 1.00   1.00   1.00    
  Low 231 (25.52) 0.70 (0.59-0.82) 0.87 (0.70-1.09) 0.88 (0.69-1.12) 0.89 (0.70-1.14)
  Middle 61 (19.12) 0.48 (0.36-0.64) 0.54 (0.37-0.80) 0.55 (0.36-0.83) 0.51 (0.34-0.78)
  High 29 (18.24) 0.45 (0.30-0.68) 0.46 (0.26-0.83) 0.55 (0.31-0.99) 0.48 (0.26-0.86)
Bridging social capital          
  None 582 (44.12) 1.00   1.00   1.00    
  Low 303 (29.65) 0.53 (0.45-0.63) 0.80 (0.62-1.04) 0.82 (0.62-1.07) 0.83 (0.63-1.09)
  Middle 191 (23.24) 0.38 (0.32-0.47) 0.58 (0.44-0.77) 0.59 (0.44-0.80) 0.59 (0.43-0.79)
  High 254 (19.87) 0.31 (0.26-0.37) 0.55 (0.43-0.71) 0.62 (0.48-0.81) 0.59 (0.45-0.77)
Women          
Social capital          
  None 899 (44.24) 1.00   1.00   1.00    
  Low 462 (31.69) 0.58 (0.51-0.67) 1.04 (0.69-1.57) 1.19 (0.76-1.86)   
  Middle 295 (22.82) 0.37 (0.32-0.44) 0.6 (0.39-0.94) 0.72 (0.45-1.17)   
  High 318 (16.55) 0.25 (0.22-0.29) 0.49 (0.33-0.74) 0.62 (0.40-0.97)   
Bonding social capital          
  None 1554 (33.20) 1.00   1.00   1.00    
  Low 294 (22.60) 0.59 (0.51-0.68) 0.78 (0.55-1.11) 0.78 (0.54-1.13) 0.76 (0.53-1.10)
  Middle 91 (18.09) 0.44 (0.35-0.56) 0.68 (0.42-1.10) 0.70 (0.42-1.17) 0.65 (0.39-1.09)
  High 35 (15.91) 0.38 (0.26-0.55) 0.39 (0.15-1.01) 0.34 (0.12-1.00) 0.31 (0.10-0.89)
Bridging social capital          
  None 1083 (39.35) 1.00   1.00   1.00    
  Low 461 (27.49) 0.58 (0.51-0.67) 0.91 (0.63-1.30) 0.96 (0.65-1.41) 0.96 (0.65-1.42)
  Middle 234 (21.21) 0.41 (0.35-0.49) 0.68 (0.45-1.03) 0.75 (0.48-1.16) 0.72 (0.46-1.12)
  High 196 (16.71) 0.31 (0.26-0.37) 0.54 (0.36-0.82) 0.69 (0.44-1.07) 0.62 (0.40-0.97)
  1. aAdjusted for age, living arrangement, educational attainment, smoking habit, alcohol consumption, and overweight.
  2. bAdjusted for all of the variables included in Model 2, and type-D personality.
  3. cAfter adjusting for all of the variables included in Model 3, we mutually adjusted for bonding and bridging social capital.