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Table 5 Description of various factors that influence mother to child transmission of HIV

From: Factors associated with HIV infection among children born to mothers on the prevention of mother to child transmission programme at Chitungwiza Hospital, Zimbabwe, 2008

Factor Description
Viral Viral genotype and phenotype, viral resistance and viral load
Maternal Maternal immunological status, maternal nutritional status, maternal clinical status, behavioural factors and antiretroviral treatment
Obstetrical Prolonged rupture of membranes (>4 hrs), mode of delivery, intrapartum haemorrhage, obstetrical procedures and invasive foetal monitoring
Foetal Prematurity, genetic and multiple pregnancy
Infant Breast feeding, gastrointestinal tract factors, immature immune system and ARV prophylaxis