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Table 4 Social gradient in self-reported health outcomes and different white and blue-collar job characteristics and working conditions as possible explanatory factors

From: The social gradient in work and health: a cross-sectional study exploring the relationship between working conditions and health inequalities

  Poor self-rated health Limited physical functioning (2–4) Long sickness absence (6+ days/year) Strong stress feelings (4–5) Increased burnout symptoms (16–24)
  % aOR % aOR % aOR % aOR % aOR
Model I a           
Social class           
 I (lowest) 18.7 1 17.7 1 24.0 1 14.9 1 6.1 1
 II 14.1 0.78 8.3 0.51*** 16.2 0.61** 14.1 0.96 5.5 0.90
 III 13.0 0.70 7.9 0.48** 13.5 0.51*** 13.3 0.93 4.5 0.82
 IV 10.1 0.54* 3.4 0.21*** 9.7 0.34*** 19.3 1.43 11.0 2.04*
 V (highest) 8.2 0.43* 3.0 0.19*** 4.5 0.15*** 19.5 1.44 9.7 1.75*
Social class*age   0.98*   1.00   1.00   0.99*   1.00
Social class*sex (female)   0.99   1.32   1.55**   1.22   1.56*
Model II b           
Social class           
 I (lowest)   1   1   1   1   1
 II   1.00   0.64*   0.72   1.08   1.36
 III   1.03   0.74   0.75   1.10   1.82
 IV   0.85   0.29**   0.50*   1.99**   6.55***
 V (highest)   0.78   0.43   0.26**   2.25**   7.37***
Model III c           
Social class           
 I (lowest)   1   1   1   1   1
 II   0.66*   0.45***   0.57**   0.65*   0.57
 III   0.61*   0.43**   0.54**   0.58*   0.47
 IV   0.42**   0.17***   0.35***   0.75   1.01
 V (highest)   0.26***   0.16***   0.14***   0.61   0.64
Model IV d           
Social class           
 I (lowest)   1   1   1   1   1
 II   0.88   0.56*   0.64*   0.69   0.72
 III   0.90   0.61   0.71   0.57*   0.73
 IV   0.68   0.25**   0.46*   0.83   1.92
 V (highest)   0.45   0.35   0.21***   0.72   1.46
Social class*age   0.99   0.99   1.00   0.98**   1.00
Social class*sex (female)   0.98   1.13   1.34**   1.10   1.30
  1. *p ≤ .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001.
  2. a OR adjusted for sex and age.
  3. b OR additionally adjusted for blue-collar job characteristics covering mainly physical work factors.
  4. c OR additionally adjusted for white-collar job characteristics covering mainly psychosocial work factors.
  5. d OR additionally adjusted for blue AND white-collar job characteristics, i.e. for physical AND psychosocial work factors.
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