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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population stratified by sex and in comparison with a nationally representative standard population of employees in Switzerland

From: The social gradient in work and health: a cross-sectional study exploring the relationship between working conditions and health inequalities

   Study population Standard populationa
  Employee survey 2010 in the industry sector (N = 1,846)
Men Women Total
Sex Men 100.0% 81.8% 53.0%
Women 100.0% 18.2% 47.0%
Age 20-25 years 6.3% 11.3% 7.2% 11.2%
26-35 years 16.4% 25.0% 17.9% 22.9%
36-45 years 30.1% 33.9% 30.8% 27.7%
46-55 years 31.9% 20.6% 29.9% 24.9%
56-64 years 15.3% 9.2% 14.2% 13.3%
Education (highest level achieved) No compulsory or vocational education 20.0% 33.9% 22.5% 14.5%
Basic vocational education 48.8% 42.7% 47.7% 42.6%
Higher vocational education 22.3% 12.4% 20.5% 24.5%
University degree 8.9% 10.9% 9.3% 18.4%
Nationality Swiss (incl. dual citizenship) 88.2% 76.8% 86.1% 77.1%
Other nationality 11.8% 23.2% 13.9% 22.9%
Job status (occupational position) Management position (directorate) 0.9% 0.0% 0.8% 5.0%
Supervisory position (executive staff) 34.1% 12.2% 30.2% 26.8%
Production position (regular staff) 64.9% 87.8% 70.0% 68.2%
Activity rate Part-time (< 100%) 4.1% 27.7% 8.4% 41.6%
Full-time (100%) 95.9% 72.3% 91.6% 58.4%
  1. a Based on data of the Swiss Household Panel 2009 (collected between September 2009 and March 2010) and a weighted random sample of the resident population in Switzerland restricted to employees aged 20 to 64 (N=3,714).