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Table 3 Multivariate logistic regression analyses of the associations between demographic characteristics, alcohol marketing and drunkenness among participants in the Philippine GSHS (2011)

From: Alcohol marketing and drunkenness among students in the Philippines: findings from the nationally representative Global School-based Student Health Survey

  Three models predicting drunkenness
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Boys 1.24 (0.95–1.63) 1.09 (0.82–1.46) 1.41 (0.96–2.09)
Girls 1.00 1.00 1.00
<=13 yrs 0.26 (0.18–0.38) 0.25 (0.17–0.37) 0.22 (0.13–0.37)
14 yrs 0.43 (0.34–0.54) 0.46 (0.34–0.62) 0.47 (0.33–0.68)
15 yrs 0.68 (0.51–0.91) 0.68 (0.47–0.98) 0.76 (0.48–1.20)
> = 16 yrs 1.00 1.00 1.00
Current drinking 15.60 (11.85–20.55) 14.05 (10.62–18.59) 11.41 (7.92–16.44)
Bullying victimization - 1.04 (0.83–1.29) 0.87 (0.65–1.18)
No friends - 0.62 (0.34–1.12) 0.82 (0.30–2.26)
Missed school - 1.65 (1.38–1.97) 1.76 (1.37–2.27)
Drug use - 2.80 (1.59–4.93) 2.11 (1.05–4.26)
Alcohol marketing    
Public Ads - - 1.50 (1.06–2.12)
Actors - - 0.96 (0.75–1.22)
Brand name - - 0.98 (0.70–1.38)
Billboards - - 0.75 (0.52–1.07)
Newspaper/Magazines - - 1.65 (1.05–2.58)
Provided free alcohol - - 1.84 (1.06–3.21)
Own gift with brand logo - - 1.19 (0.89–1.59)
  1. AOR = Adjusted Odds Ratios with all variables listed in the column included in the model. Reference groups were those who did not report specific risk behavior or alcohol marketing exposure. Significant Odd Ratios are presented in bold face.