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Table 3 Single effects of the workers’ characteristics on the seven dimensions of perceived work-related stress (multiple mixed effects model)

From: The relevance of socio-demographic and occupational variables for the assessment of work-related stress risk

  Demands Control Managerial support Peer support Relationships Role Change
Variables β* p β* p β* p β* p β* p β* p β* p
Gender               
  Women   ns -0.09 0.003   ns -0.11 <0.001 -0.13 <0.001   ns -0.06 0.046
  Men (ref.) 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 -
Age               
  >51 years   ns 0.10 0.048   ns   ns   ns   ns   ns
  31-50 years   ns   ns   ns   ns   ns   ns   ns
  18-30 years (ref) 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 -
Marital status               
  Divorced/widowed -0.09 0.012   ns   ns   ns   ns   ns   ns
  Married -0.05 0.034 0.06 0.027   ns   ns   ns 0.08 0.001   ns
  Single (ref) 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 -
Educational level               
  Master degree -0.13 0.001 0.24 <0.001   ns   ns   ns   ns   ns
  High school   ns 0.21 <0.001   ns   ns   ns   ns   ns
  Elementary/middle (ref) 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 -
Occupational status               
  Blue-collar 0.13 0.002 -0.51 <0.001   ns   ns -0.14 0.004   ns -0.22 <0.001
  Clerks/professionals   ns -0.31 <0.001   ns   ns -0.17 <0.001   ns -0.23 <0.001
  Manager (ref) 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 -
Job seniority               
  >17 years -0.11 <0.001 0.09 0.015 -0.10 0.010 -0.08 0.024   ns 0.07 0.018   ns
  12-17 years -0.11 <0.001   ns -0.14 0.001 -0.13 0.001 -0.14 <0.001   ns -0.10 0.018
  6-11 years   ns   ns -0.09 0.014 -0.11 0.001 -0.10 0.003   ns   ns
  0-5 years (ref) 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 -
Shift work               
  Night workers -0.09 0.005 -0.39 <0.001   ns   ns -0.16 <0.001   ns -0.12 0.004
  Shift workers   ns -0.22 <0.001   ns   ns -0.10 0.004 0.08 0.003 -0.08 0.039
  Day workers (ref) 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 -
Job contract               
  Fixed-term 0.07 0.044   ns   ns   ns 0.09 0.032 -0.07 0.024   ns
  Permanent (ref) 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 -
Commuting time to work               
  ≥ 60 min. -0.09 <0.001 -0.07 0.020 -0.07 0.020 -0.12 <0.001 -0.14 <0.01   ns -0.09 0.005
  < 60 min. 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 -
Working hours               
  Part-time   ns   ns   ns   ns   ns   ns   ns
  Full-time (ref) 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 -
  1. *The effects estimates (β) are reported only for significant differences.