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Table 4 Risk factors associated with hypertension using a log-link Poisson model with robust standard errors

From: Epidemiology and awareness of hypertension in a rural Ugandan community: a cross-sectional study

  Women (N = 1245a) Men (N = 1007a)
  Proportion with hypertension (%) Unadjusted prevalence ratio Adjustedbprevalence ratio Proportion with hypertension Unadjusted prevalence ratio Adjustedbprevalence ratio
PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) (%) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI)
Age (years)   P < 0.0001 P < 0.0001   P < 0.0001 P < 0.0001
18–29 16/478 = 3.4% 1 1 29/326 = 6.5% 1 1
30–44 58/415 = 14.0% 4.18 (2.44–7.15) 3.93 (2.15–7.18) 50/315 = 15.9% 2.45 (1.59–3.79) 2.13 (1.10–4.11)
45–59 48/194 = 24.7% 7.39 (4.30–12.70) 6.20 (3.33–11.55) 44/151 = 29.1% 4.50 (2.92–6.93) 3.94 (2.05–7.56)
≥60 70/158 = 44.3% 13.24 (7.93–22.10) 12.30 (6.59–22.96) 39/93 = 41.9% 6.48 (4.23–9.92) 6.00 (3.10–11.58)
Marital Status   P = 0.006 P = 0.35   P < 0.0001 P = 0.94
Single 14/172 = 8.1% 1 1 23/300 = 7.7% 1 1
Married (ever) 171/1009 = 16.9% 2.08 (1.24–3.50) 0.79 (0.48–1.30) 132/618 = 21.4% 2.79 (1.83–4.24) 1.03 (0.53–2.01)
BMI (kg/m 2 )   P < 0.0001 P < 0.0001   P < 0.0001 P = 0.0004
< 25 105/892 = 11.8% 1 1 130/923 = 14.1% 1 1
25–30 48/243 = 19.7% 1.68 (1.23–2.29) 1.75 (1.28–2.40) 24/68 = 35.3% 2.51 (1.75–3.59) 2.12 (1.45–3.11)
>30 39/110 = 35.5% 3.01 (2.21–4.1) 2.72 (1.94–3.83) 7/15 = 46.7% 3.31 (1.89–5.83) 1.64 (0.84–3.22)
Occupation   P = 0.99 P = 0.36   P = 0.06 P = 0.92
Unemployed 24/158 = 15.2% 1 1 20/176 = 11.4% 1 1
Manual 157/1014 = 15.5% 1.02 (0.69–1.51) 0.79 (0.53–1.18) 125/758 = 16.5% 1.45 (0.93–2.26) 1.06 (0.67–1.69)
Sedentary 11/73 = 15.1 0.99 (0.51–1.92) 1.09 (0.57–2.10) 17/73 = 23.3% 2.05 (1.14–3.68) 1.16 (0.57–2.35)
Education   P < 0.0001 P = 0.61   P = 0.05 P = 0.43
No school 80/310 = 25.8% 2.05 (1.55–2.70) 1.19 (0.88–1.62) 19/94 = 20.2% 1.25 (0.80–1.95) 1.15 (0.73–1.80)
Primary 82/651 = 12.6% 1 1 86/532 = 16.2% 1 1
Secondary 23/222 = 10.4% 0.82 (0.53–1.27) 1.22 (0.77–1.94) 37/297 = 12.5% 0.77 (0.54–1.10) 1.03 (0.70–1.50)
Tertiary and beyond 7/62 = 11.3% 0.90 (0.43–1.85) 1.00 (0.44–2.28) 20/84 = 23.8% 1.47 (0.96–2.26) 1.52 (0.90–2.57)
Acres of land owned   P = 0.50 P = 0.56   P = 0.58 P = 0.90
None 17/142 = 12.0% 1 1 11/96 = 11.5% 1 1
≤ 1 50/282 = 17.7% 1.48 (0.89–2.47) 1.47 (0.86–2.52) 27/157 = 17.2% 1.50 (0.78–2.88) 1.03 (0.54–1.98)
1–5 76/484 = 15.7% 1.31 (0.80–2.14) 1.30 (0.78–2.18) 64/370 = 17.3% 1.51 (0.83–2.75) 1.17 (0.65–2.09)
≥ 5 40/242 = 16.5% 1.38 (0.81–2.34) 1.24 (0.72–2.14) 51/322 = 15.8% 1.38 (0.75–2.54) 1.07 (0.59–1.93)
Tobacco use   P = 0.54 P = 0.49   P = 0.22 P = 0.70
No 185/1208 = 15.3% 1 1 120/783 = 15.3% 1 1
Yes 7/37 = 18.9% 1.24 (0.63–2.44) 0.78 (0.39–1.57) 42/224 = 18.8% 1.22 (0.89–1.68) 0.94 (0.67–1.31)
Alcohol use c   P = 0.70 P = 0.33   P < 0.0001 P = 0.02
None 148/986 = 15.0% 1 1 59/527 = 11.2% 1 1
0–10 34/196 = 17.4% 1.16 (0.82–1.62) 0.92 (0.66–1.28) 38/236 = 16.1% 1.44 (0.99–2.10) 1.17 (0.79–1.71)
≥10 10/62 = 16.1% 1.07 (0.60–1.93) 0.58(0.28–1.21) 64/242 = 26.5% 2.36 (1.72–3.25) 1.60 (1.13–2.26)
HIV   P = 0.005 P = 0.24   P = 0.10 P = 0.02
Negative 183/1107 = 16.5% 1 1 154/923 = 16.7% 1 1
Positive 9/138 = 6.5% 0.39 (0.21–0.75) 0.69 (0.37–1.28) 8/84 = 9.5% 0.57 (0.29–1.12) 0.39 (0.17–0.87)
RPG d   P < 0.0001 P = 0.02   P = 0.0002 P = 0.75
< 7 160/1101 = 14.5% 1 1 135/895 = 15.1% 1 1
7 – 11 23/126 = 18.3% 1.26 (0.84–1.87) 1.02 (0.68–1.52) 24/103 = 23.3% 1.54 (1.05–2.27) 1.17 (0.78–1.76)
≥ 11.1 8/14 = 57.1% 3.93 (2.44–6.33) 2.44 (1.32–4.51) 3/5 = 60.0% 3.98 (1.91–8.28) 1.10 (0.58–2.09)
Family history   P = 0.11 P = 0.11   P = 0.002 P = 0.007
No 139/962 = 14.5% 1 1 114/798 = 14.3% 1 1
Yes 46/248 = 18.6% 1.28 (0.95–1.74) 1.26 (0.95–1.69) 42/180 = 23.3% 1.63 (1.19–2.24) 1.51 (1.12–2.04)
  1. a1067 women and 839 men included in the multivariate regression model.
  2. bEach factor is adjusted for all other factors in the table.
  3. cDrinks of alcohol consumed per month.
  4. dRPG – Random plasma glucose in mmol/L.