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Table 2 Effect of single motherhood on smoking

From: The effect of psychosocial stress on single mothers’ smoking

  Single mothers Partnered mothers Single motherhood
Smoking status (current) n % n % OR CI 95%
Daily smoking (at least 1 cig./day) 220 44.0 654 26.2 2.11 1.70-2.60
Heavy smoking (≥ 20 cig./day) 96 19.2 211 8.4 2.87 2.16-3.81
Moderate smoking (1–19 cig./day) 124 24.8 443 17.7 1.73 1.36-2.20
Occasional smoking (not daily) 34 6.8 126 5.0 1.69 1.20-2.56
Non-smoking 246 49.2 1719 68.8 Ref.  
  1. Notes: Results of logistic regression analysis adjusted for mother’s age and age of youngest child. Single mothers (n = 506), partnered mothers (n = 2511). Reference category 'single motherhood’ = partnered mothers. 'Ref.’ means reference category. Bold values indicate significant effects.