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Table 3 Knowledge of DM by participants

From: Awareness of diabetes mellitus among diabetic patients in the Gambia: a strong case for health education and promotion

Knowledge of DM n (%) 95% CI
Knew that they were diabetic   
     Yes 199 (99.5) 97.3-99.99
     No 1 (0.5) 0.01%-2.75
Said they knew what diabetes is   
     Yes 94 (47) 39.92-54.17
     No 106 (53) 45.83-60.08
Knowledge of the cause of DM   
     I don’t know 106 (53.0) 45.85-60.08
     Family history 54 (27.0) 20.98-33.72
     High sugar intake 32 (16) 11.21-21.83
     Lack of insulin 13 (6.5) 3.51-10.83
     Failure of body to use insulin 4 (2.0) 0.55-5.04
     Others 3 (1.5) 0.31-4.32
Knowledge of complications of DM   
     Loss of vision 134 (67.0) 60.02-73.47
     Poor wound healing 93 (46.5) 39.44-53.67
     Amputations 62 (31.0) 24.67-37.91
     Kidney failure 27 (13.5) 9.09-19.03
     Skin sepsis 24 (12.0) 7.84-17.33
     Heart failure 11 (5.5) 2.78-9.63
     Stroke 9 (4.5) 2.08-8.37
Knowledge of the management of DM   
     Diet and medication 134 (67.0) 60.02-73.47
     Diet, Exercise and medication 57 (28.5) 22.36-35.29
     Diet and Exercise 4 (2.0) 0.55-5.04
     Medication 4 (2.0) 0.55-5.04
     Diet 1 (0.5) 0.01-2.75
Knowledge of preventive measures   
     I don’t know 90 (45.7) 38.59-52.91
     Healthy diet 67 (34.0) 27.43-41.08
     Eating less sugar 28 (14.2) 9.66-19.88
     Physical activity 11 (5.6) 2.82-9.77
     Weight loss 1 (0.5) 0.01-2.80